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Table 1 Selected characteristics of uninsured minority children and their parents (N = 267)

From: A cross-sectional study of parental awareness of and reasons for lack of health insurance among minority children, and the impact on health, access to care, and unmet needs

Characteristic Mean or %
Age of child (years), mean (range) 7.3 (1, 18)
Gender of child
 Male 50 %
 Female 50 %
Race/ethnicity of child
 Latino 65 %
 African-American 35 %
Child born in US 95 %
Gender of primary caregiver
 Female 96 %
 Male 4 %
Primary caregiver has limited English proficiency 32 %
Marital status of primary caregiver
 Married, living with spouse 39 %
 Single 30 %
 Married, separated from spouse 13 %
 Common-law marriage 7 %
 Divorced 6 %
 Living with partner 4 %
 Widowed 1 %
Primary caregiver not high-school graduate 43 %
Primary caregiver unemployed 53 %
Primary caregiver has health insurance 26 %
Type of insurance coverage for insured caregiver
 Public 52 %
 Private 45 %
 Other 3 %
Mean combined annual family income (range) $21,857 ($1,440, $64,000)
Mean number of children in household (range) 2.3 (1, 13)
Mean number of adults in household (range) 2.1 (1, 6)
Primary caregiver aware that child is eligible for Medicaid or CHIP 49 %
Child ever had health insurance before 95 %
Insurance that uninsured child had in past
 Medicaid 72 %
 CHIP 14 %
 Private 13 %
 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Sociala 1 %
Mean months without insurance (range) 14.2 (1-144)
Median months without insurance (inner 95th percentile range) 6 (1, 84)
Reason child lost insuranceb
 Insurance expired and never reapplied 30 %
 Was told making too much income/did not qualify 13 %
 Changed job 13 %
 Change of address 11 %
 Applied but never got reply or information 9 %
 Missing paperwork 8 %
 Does not know 6 %
 Father was supposed to cover child 4 %
 Too expensive 2 %
 Did not provide reason 2 %
 Child was determined to be disabled 1 %
 Sometimes paid premium late and was dropped 1 %
 Language barrier 1 %
 Insurance stopped when child was adopted 1 %
 Child not US citizen 1 %
 Told child aged out of health-insurance coverage 1 %
 Not legal guardian 1 %
  1. aPublic health insurance in Mexico
  2. bCited by parents of uninsured minority children (N = 257) who were eligible for but not enrolled in Medicaid or CHIP. Does not include 12 children who have never been insured during their lifetime. Proportions sum to > 100 % because parents could choose more than one reason