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Table 4 Population coverage

From: State budget transfers to health insurance funds: extending universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries of the WHO European Region

Country (Social) health insurance coverage of total population Exempted as share of
insured population eligible population
Albania less than 50 % (according to household surveys, no year indicated) [37] n/a n/a
Bosnia & Herzegovina
a) Federation
; b) Republika Srpska
65 %–83 % (2007) (depending on the part of the country) [80] 50 % (2007) [61] a) 82 %
; b) 70 % (2007) [81]
Bulgaria 77 % (2011) [38] 35 %a [38] n/a
Georgia MIP: 50 % (2012) [21];
Universal Health Care Program: 91 % (2014) [36]
72 % (2010) [53] 73 % (2011) [21]
Kyrgyzstan 78 % (2009) [30];
85 % of women and 90 % of men (2012) [82]
n/a n/a
Lithuania 96 % (2008) [83] 58 % (including pensioners)a [83] n/a
Montenegro 96 % (2008) [84] unemployed: 25 % (2008)
refugees: 3 % (2008) [67]
n/a
Republic of Moldova 72 % (2008); 78 % (2010);
80 % (2011) [39, 49]
65 % (2011) [49] n/a
Romania 90 % (urban: 95 %; rural: 85 %) (2008) [69] 66 % (including persons in military service)a [43] n/a
Russian Federation 97 % (2009);
98 % (2010) [27]
n/a 95 % (year not indicated) [27]
Serbia 93 % (2009) [85] registered unemployed: 2 % (2009)
all other exempted groups: 18 % (2009) [86]
n/a
TFYR Macedonia 85 % (2012) [79] 29 % (2012) [79] n/a
Turkey (Green Card Scheme) 95 % (2012) [23] 14 % (2011)a [87] 64 % (2007) [87, 88]
  1. a Calculations by authors based on data from the indicated sources.