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Table 3 Relative drug purchase rates (main ATC groups) for immigrants from China, Colombia, Morocco and Poland in Spain and Norway compared with the native population. Odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals adjusted by age and sex

From: Patterns of pharmaceutical use for immigrants to Spain and Norway: a comparative study of prescription databases in two European countries

Drug Host country China Colombia Morocco Poland
Alimentary tract and metabolism Spain 0.54 (0.49–0.59) 0.87 (0.83–0.92) 1.13 (1.09–1.17) 0.33 (0.29–0.37)
Norway 0.65 (0.59–0.71) 0.97 (0.86–1.11) 1.71 (1.58–1.84) 0.35 (0.33–0.36)
Blood and blood forming organs Spain 0.59 (0.51–0.69) 0.91 (0.84–0.98) 1.09 (1.03–1.15) 0.47 (0.39–0.56)
Norway 0.45 (0.39–0.52) 0.77 (0.61–0.98) 0.63 (0.55–0.72) 0.34 (0.31–0.37)
Cardiovascular system Spain 0.39 (0.33–0.45) 0.72 (0.68–0.78) 0.65 (0.61–0.69) 0.46 (0.39–0.53)
Norway 0.55 (0.50–0.61) 0.69 (0.57–0.83) 0.70 (0.63–0.77) 0.35 (0.33–0.37)
Dermatologicals Spain 0.60 (0.54–0.67) 0.91 (0.86–0.96) 1.16 (1.11–1.21) 0.35 (0.3–0.41)
Norway 0.81 (0.75–0.87) 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 1.09 (1.00–1.18) 0.32 (0.3–0.33)
Genito-urinary system and sex hormones Spain 0.50 (0.41–0.61) 1.49 (1.38–1.60) 1.79 (1.70–1.89) 0.57 (0.46–0.71)
Norway 0.28 (0.26–0.31) 0.80 (0.73–0.88) 0.70 (0.63–0.76) 0.26 (0.25–0.27)
Systemic hormonal preparations, excluding sex hormones and insulins Spain 0.43 (0.37–0.51) 0.67 (0.61–0.73) 0.79 (0.75–0.85) 0.42 (0.35–0.51)
Norway 0.47 (0.42–0.54) 1.06 (0.92–1.23) 0.87 (0.77–0.98) 0.3 (0.28–0.33)
Antiinfectives for systemic use Spain 0.29 (0.26–0.31) 0.57 (0.55–0.60) 0.84 (0.81–0.86) 0.4 (0.36–0.43)
Norway 0.44 (0.41–0.47) 0.89 (0.83–0.96) 0.92 (0.86–0.98) 0.35 (0.33–0.36)
Antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents Spain 0.12 (0.04–0.36) 0.61 (0.46–0.82) 0.47 (0.37–0.61) 0.24 (0.1–0.57)
Norway 0.40 (0.27–0.56) 1.05 (0.71–1.54) 0.53 (0.38–0.75) 0.23 (0.19–0.28)
Musculo-skeletal system Spain 0.32 (0.29–0.35) 0.75 (0.72–0.78) 1.15 (1.11–1.18) 0.38 (0.34–0.41)
Norway 0.39 (0.36–0.43) 0.96 (0.88–1.06) 1.18 (1.10–1.26) 0.33 (0.32–0.34)
Nervous system Spain 0.36 (0.33–0.40) 0.73 (0.70–0.77) 1.13 (1.09–1.16) 0.37 (0.33–0.41)
Norway 0.29 (0.27–0.32) 1.29 (1.19–1.39) 1.36 (1.28–1.45) 0.31 (0.3–0.32)
Antiparasitic products, insecticides and repellents Spain 0.41 (0.25–0.68) 0.94 (0.76–1.16) 1.15 (0.99–1.33) 0.33 (0.17–0.64)
Norway 0.53 (0.43–0.67) 1.35 (1.11–1.64) 0.88 (0.71–1.08) 0.34 (0.3–0.38)
Respiratory system Spain 0.40 (0.37–0.44) 0.56 (0.53–0.59) 0.63 (0.61–0.65) 0.28 (0.25–0.31)
Norway 0.64 (0.61–0.70) 1.11 (1.04–1.19) 0.92 (0.86–0.99) 0.25 (0.24–0.26)
Sensory organs Spain 0.45 (0.40–0.51) 0.69 (0.65–0.74) 0.93 (0.88–0.97) 0.21 (0.17–0.26)
Norway 0.67 (0.62–0.72) 1.15 (1.05–1.26) 1.09 (1.01–1.20) 0.28 (0.26–0.29)