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Table 2 Decomposition of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the older population in Poland, 2012

From: Retirement and perceived social inferiority strongly link with health inequalities in older age: decomposition of a concentration index of poor health based on Polish cross-sectional data

Covariates Model 1 Model 2
residual = −0.0011; pseudo R2 = 0.1758 residual = −0.0005; pseudo R2 = 0.2069
p-value Elasticity Concentration index % contribution p-value Elasticity Concentration index % contribution
Gender - - - −0.13 % - - - 0.02 %
 (R = Man) - - - - - - - -
 Woman 0.689 −0.014 −0.022 [−0.13 %] 0.997 0.002 −0.025 -
Age - - - 21.25 % - - - 9.45 %
 (R = 45-49) - - - - - - - -
 50–54 0.299 0.027 0.119 [−1.30 %] 0.650 0.014 0.118 [−0.68 %]
 55–59 0.735 −0.001 0.005 [0.00 %] 0.313 −0.048 0.014 [0.27 %]
 60–64 0.079 0.069 0.048 [−1.33 %] 0.619 −0.040 0.047 [0.75 %]
 65–69 0.001** 0.117 −0.019 [0.90 %] 0.551 0.045 −0.021 [0.39 %]
 70–74 0.002* 0.091 −0.061 [2.25 %] 0.678 0.018 −0.064 [0.46 %]
 75–79 0.001** 0.092 −9.233 [8.53 %] 0.492 0.035 −0.234 [3.30 %]
 80+ 0.001** 0.091 −9.337 [12.19 %] 0.617 0.037 −0.338 [4.97 %]
Education - - - 8.99 % - - - 2.97 %
 (R = Higher education) - - - - - - - -
 Lower education 0.187 0.127 −0.257 [13.12 %] 0.329 0.030 −0.260 [3.14 %]
 Middle 0.275 0.030 0.340 [−4.13 %] 0.464 0.001 0.337 [−0.17 %]
Income - - - 45.06 % - - - 42.40 %
 (R = Not difficult on present income) - - - - - - - -
 Difficult on present income 0.000** 0.360 −0.314 [45.06 %] 0.001** 0.338 −0.313 [42.40 %]
Level of social activity - - - 11.11 % - - - 10.72 %
 (R = Average or higher than others in the same age) - - - - - - - -
 Lower than others in the same age 0.002* 0.148 −0.188 [11.11 %] 0.002* 0.144 −0.186 [10.72 %]
 Self-assessed social position (ordinal. 9 points. low to high) 0.027* −0.549 0.050 11.00 % 0.037* −0.543 0.050 10.98 %
Labor market status --- --- --- --- - - - 22.37 %
 (R = On labor market) --- --- --- --- - - - -
 Permanently disabled --- --- --- --- 0.003* 0.015 −0.183 [1.07 %]
 Retired --- --- --- --- 0.001** 0.455 −0.117 [21.31 %]
  1. *p = < 0.05, **p = < 0.001