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Table 1 Crude and adjusted association between poor self-assessed health and its predictors

From: Retirement and perceived social inferiority strongly link with health inequalities in older age: decomposition of a concentration index of poor health based on Polish cross-sectional data

Covariates Number % with poor or very poor health OR unadjusted OR adjusted***
p-value OR (95 % CI) P-value OR (95 % CI)
Gender
Man 451 15 % - 1 - 1
Woman 582 19 % 0.124 1.30 (0.93–1.80) 0.618 1.11 (0.74–1.65)
Age
45–59 126 6 % - 1 - 1
50–54 165 11 % 0.098 2.14 (0.87–5.26) 0.418 1.49 (0.57–3.92)
55–59 188 8 % 0.349 1.55 (0.62–3.88) 0.388 0.63 (0.22–1.80)
60–64 177 14 % 0.029* 2.65 (1.11–6.35) 0.696 0.81 (0.28–2.33)
65–69 116 30 % 0.001** 7.23 (3.07–17.05) 0.363 1.63 (0.57–4.70)
70–74 99 24 % 0.001** 5.46 (2.25–13.26) 0.600 1.34 (0.45–3.98)
75–79 86 33 % 0.001** 8.20 (3.39–19.86) 0.167 2.16 (0.76–6.43)
80+ 77 36 % 0.001** 9.47 (3.88–23.11) 0.460 1.53 (0.50–4.72)
Education
Higher 119 4 % - 1 - 1
Lower education 696 21 % 0.001** 6.23 (2.48–15.63) 0.233 1.84 (0.68–4.99)
Middle 219 13 % 0.017* 3.32 (1.24–8.91) 0.508 1.44 (0.49–4.17)
Income
Not difficult on present income 607 10 % - 1 - 1
Difficult on present income 426 29 % 0.001** 3.84 (2.73–5.42) 0.001** 2.77 (1.85–4.14)
Labor market status
On labor market 486 6 % - 1 - 1
Permanently disabled 9 61 % 0.001** 24.41 (5.89–101.14) 0.011* 10.63 (1.73–65.31)
Retired 538 27 % 0.001** 5.66 (3.73–8.58) 0.001** 4.24 (2.25–7.99)
Level of social activity
Average or higher than others in the same age 792 13 % - 1 - 1
Lower than others in the same age 202 33 % 0.001** 3.18 (2.22–4.54) 0.001** 2.42 (1.58–3.70)
 Self-assessed social position (ordinal, 9 points, low to high) 989 - 0.001** 0.733 (0.66–0.82) 0.007* 0.85 (0.748–0.96)
  1. *p = < 0.05, **p = < 0.001
  2. ***Adjusted for: gender, age, level of education, income, labor market status, level of social activity and self-assessed social position