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Table 2 Characteristics of respondents (2005: n = 9206; 2010: n = 9180) (weighted samples)

From: The impact of primary healthcare reform on equity of utilization of services in the province of Quebec: a 2003–2010 follow-up

Subject characteristics   2005 (%) 2010 (%) p (Chi-2)
Sex M 48.5 48.7 .783
Age 18-29 20.6 19.7 .031
30-44 28.4 27.2  
45-64 33.5 34.6  
65+ 17.5 18.5  
Level of education <Secondary 15.8 12.5 <.001
Secondary 32.5 30.1  
College 24.2 20.8  
University 27.5 36.7  
SESa Very low 11.4 10.0 <.001
Low 32.8 30.9  
High 29.9 32.6  
Very high 25.9 26.5  
Immigrant status Born in Canada 80.5 79.5 .261
Has immigrated <10 years 6.3 6.6  
Has immigrated ≥10 years 13.2 13.9  
Morbidity None 49.5 48.5 .096
≥1 risk factorb 16.8 18.0  
1 chr. diseasec 25.6 25.9  
≥2 chr. diseases 8.2 7.6  
Perceived Health Poor or average 16.3 14.6 .001
Good 28.4 29.7  
Very good 34.7 34.0  
Excellent 20.5 21.8  
  1. aSocio-economic status
  2. bWithout chronic disease. Cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia
  3. cWith/without risk factor. Chronic diseases: asthma/COPD/other respiratory illness, CAD/heart failure/other cardiac illness, arthritis, stroke