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Table 4 Relative Risk (RR) and 95 % credible intervals between urbanization (less urbanized parishes compared with more urbanized parishes) and mortality by cause of death in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (1995–2008)

From: Mortality, material deprivation and urbanization: exploring the social patterns of a metropolitan area

Causes of Death Total Men Women
RR 2.5 % 97.5 % RR 2.5 % 97.5 % RR 2.5 % 97.5 %
Infectious and parasitic disease 1.46 1.15 1.83 1.47 1.12 1.90 1.28 0.96 1.68
MN stomach 0.90 0.76 1.06 0.93 0.77 1.13 0.83 0.67 1.02
MN colon, rectum, anus and anal canal 1.30 1.14 1.50 1.28 1.09 1.50 1.33 1.09 1.62
MN larynx, trachea, bronchus and lung 1.56 1.32 1.83 1.59 1.33 1.89 1.37 0.99 1.88
MN female breast 1.19 0.99 1.43 NA NA NA 1.19 0.99 1.43
MN prostate 1.24 1.03 1.50 1.24 1.03 1.50 NA NA NA
Diabetes mellitus 1.25 1.07 1.45 1.38 1.13 1.67 1.12 0.93 1.33
Dementias 1.94 1.20 3.01 2.31 1.19 4.30 1.86 1.02 3.23
Ischemic heart disease 1.31 1.16 1.46 1.40 1.23 1.60 1.16 1.01 1.32
Cerebrovascular disease 1.13 1.00 1.28 1.16 0.99 1.34 1.03 0.91 1.16
Chronic liver disease 1.22 0.96 1.55 1.19 0.92 1.53 1.18 0.77 1.77
Symptoms, signs and abnormal findings 1.09 0.93 1.27 1.10 0.92 1.31 1.05 0.87 1.25
Transport injuries 0.86 0.71 1.03 0.81 0.67 0.99 0.88 0.64 1.19
Suicide and intentional self-harm 0.68 0.54 0.84 0.67 0.52 0.85 0.57 0.40 0.80
Total 1.35 1.18 1.53 1.50 1.26 1.80 1.18 1.06 1.31
  1. NA = Not applicable