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Table 2 Health equity analysis of knowledge to action models (rated on a scale where 0 = none, 1 = some/partial, and 2 = clearly reflected)

From: Critical examination of knowledge to action models and implications for promoting health equity

Model [Reference] Explicit focus on equity or related value Inclusive conceptualization of knowledge Stakeholder engagement Explicit focus on interactions across jurisdictions or sectors Context emphasized Applied, pro-active, problem-solving Total HES Score
Knowledge Brokering Frameworks [21] 2 2 2 1 2 1 10
A Model for Knowledge Translation and Exchange with Northern Aboriginal Communities [25] 2 2 2 0 2 1 9
A Framework for Research Transfer [22] 0 1 2 1 2 2 8
Joint Venture Model of Knowledge Utilization [23] 0 2 2 1 2 1 8
Translational Research Framework to Address Health Disparities [24] 2 2 0 0 2 2 8
Ecohealth Model Applied to Translate Knowledge [26] 2 1 1 2 2 0 8
Locally Based Research Transfer Model [35] 0 0 2 1 2 2 7
User-Context Framework for Knowledge Translation [36] 0 1 2 0 2 2 7
Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) Framework [37] 0 2 1 0 2 2 7
Equity-Oriented Knowledge Translation Framework [38] 2 1 0 0 2 2 7
The Knowledge Value Chain [39] 0 2 1 1 1 2 7
Model for Large-Scale Knowledge Translation [40] 1 1 0 2 2 1 7
Ottawa Model of Research Use [41] 1 2 0 0 2 1 6
CHSRF Model of Knowledge Transfer and Exchange [42] 0 0 2 0 2 2 6
Replicating Effective Programs Framework [43] 0 1 2 0 1 2 6
The Sticky Knowledge Framework [44] 0 1 1 0 2 2 6
Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) Knowledge Translation Model [45] 0 1 1 0 2 2 6
Collaborative Model for Knowledge Translation between Research and Practice Settings [46] 0 1 2 0 1 2 6
Knowledge Translation as part of the Research Cycle Model [19] 1 0 2 0 2 1 6
Conceptual Model for Considering the Determinants of Diffusion, Dissemination, and Implementation [47] 0 0 2 0 2 2 6
Model of Strategic Change [48] 0 2 1 0 2 1 6
The Trinity Evidence-Based Practice Model [49] 0 2 0 0 2 2 6
Advancing Research and Clinical Practice through Close Collaboration (ARCC) Model of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare [50] 0 0 2 0 2 2 6
Knowledge to Action Process Model [9] 0 2 0 0 2 2 6
Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM) [20] 0 1 1 0 2 2 6
Framework for Transferring Knowledge into Action [51] 0 2 0 0 2 2 6
Four Levels of Knowledge Utilization [52] 0 1 0 0 2 2 5
ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation [53] 0 2 0 0 2 1 5
Pathman-PRECEDE Model for Knowledge Translation [54] 0 1 1 0 1 2 5
Framework for Translating Evidence into Action [55] 0 1 0 0 2 2 5
Diffusion of Innovations Model [56] 0 1 1 0 1 1 4
Two-Communities or Two-Cultures Model [57] 0 0 1 0 1 2 4
Framework for Changing Implementation Behaviour [58] 0 0 0 1 2 1 4
Technology Transfer Model [59] 1 1 0 0 1 1 4
Model of Research Utilization [60] 0 0 1 0 2 1 4
Five-Point Knowledge Translation Framework [61] 0 1 2 0 0 1 4
Reach, Efficacy or Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) [62] 0 1 1 0 1 1 4
Outcomes-Focused Knowledge Translation Intervention Framework [63] 0 0 2 0 0 2 4
Stages of Research Utilization Model [64] 0 0 1 0 1 2 4
Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation [65] 0 2 2 0 1 1 4
Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice [66] 0 0 2 0 0 2 4
Six Knowledge Utilization Models [67] 0 1 1 0 1 0 3
Measuring Knowledge Utilization Model [68] 0 2 0 0 1 0 3
Research Utilization Model [69] 0 0 0 0 1 2 3
Framework for Research Dissemination and Utilization [70] 0 0 1 0 1 1 3
Translational Framework for Public Health Research [71] 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
A Model for Evidence- Based Practice Implementation [72] 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
Knowledge Translation within a Communication System Paradigm [73] 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
  1. 0 = no obvious mention or inclusion in the description available, 1 = some or partial mention or inclusion, 2 = this characteristic was clearly reflected