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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of Burkinabe women aged 15–49, 1999, 2003 and 2010 DHS data sets

From: Trends and protective factors of female genital mutilation in Burkina Faso: 1999 to 2010

Sample characteristics 1999 2003 2010
Number of women interviewed 6,445 12,477 17,807
% of women that are Muslim 58.1 61.2 62.3
% of women that are Christian 28.4 28.8 30.3
% of women that are of traditional or other religions 13.6 10.1 7.7
% of women residing in rural areas 83.2 78.4 72.9
% of women in each of the Ethnic groups 1    
Mossi 58.8 56.6 52.5
Bobo, Dioula, Senoufu 7.5 12.0 10.0
Fulfuldé, Peul, Touareg, Bella 6.9 7.4 10.3
Gourmatché 8.2 6.9 6.9
Gourounsi and Bissa 6.9 3.4 8.5
Lobbi and Dagara 4.8 9.9 4.9
Others 7.1 3.8 7.0
Mean age of women 28.4 28.8 28.8
Mean age at marriage 17.3 17.4 17.6
% of women with primary or higher education* 14.2 19.7 26.0
% of women circumcised2* 83.6 79.2 76.1
% of women who would like circumcision to stop3* 75.7 81.3 90.6
% of women who would like circumcision to stop by Birth cohort    
1950-1959 74.7 81.4  
1960-1969 77.8 82.6 90.0
1970-1979 76.1 82.3 91.6
1980-1989 73.1 79.6 91.1
1990-1999    89.4
% of women who would like circumcision to stop* by education level    
No education 73.4 79.4 89.4
Primary education or higher 86.9 88.3 94.3
% of women who would like circumcision to stop* by religion    
Muslim 72.9 76.6 88.4
Christian 84.4 90.3 95.6
Traditional or other religions 68.5 80.3 90.3
  1. Sources of data: DHS 1999, 2003, 2010 *the percentage differences across the three years were statistically different, Chi Square p value < 0.001.
  2. 1The variable on ethnicity was derived by combining smaller ethnic groups based on close proximity. An ethnic map of Burkina Faso which was used for this purpose is provided in Additional file 1.
  3. 2The sample used to calculate estimates of women circumcised does not include women with missing cases
  4. 35.2% of women that said don’t know or it depends were set to missing so as to only compare the change in the percentage who would like circumcision to stop and those who would like circumcision to continue.