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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios from multivariate logistic regression models predicting basic need items among respondents (N = 978), Ventura County, California, 2013

From: Social determinants of health in the Mixtec and Zapotec community in Ventura County, California

  Outcomes
  Employment opportunities Food security Housing situation sufficiency Healthcare access Transportation access Neighborhood safety Education opportunities Employer respect No discrimination against respondent No discrimination against household member/s
Male (Ref: female) 2.0*** (1.3-3.0) 1.6* (1.1-2.4) 1.1 (0.8-1.7) 0.8 (0.6-1.2) 2.1*** (1.4-3.1) 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 1.6* (1.0-2.3) 0.8 (0.5-1.4) 1.4 (0.9-2.1) 1.1 (0.7-1.6)
Married/living as married (Ref: single) 1.9* (1.1-3.4) 1.5 (0.9-2.3) 1.6* (1.1-2.5) 2.1*** (1.4-3.3) 1.8* (1.1-2.8) 1.5 (1.0-2.2) 0.6* (0.4-0.9) 1.8* (1.1-3.0) 0.7 (0.5-1.2) 1.1 (0.7-1.8)
Spent time in another city (Ref: did not) 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 1.7* (1.1-2.5) 1.4 (0.9-2.0) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 1.1 (0.6-1.7) 1.4 (0.9-2.2) 1.0 (0.6-1.4)
Speaks Spanish (Ref: does not) 1.1 (0.8-1.7) 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.4*** (0.3-0.6) 0.4*** (0.3-0.6) 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 1.2 (0.9-1.7) 2.9*** (2.1-4.0) 1.6* (1.1-2.4) 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 1.1 (0.8-1.5)
Age < 30 years (Ref: ≥ 30 years) 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 1.4* (1.0-1.8) 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 0.9 (0.6-1.3) 1.5** (1.1-2.0) 1.2 (0.9-1.6)
Household size < 5 (Ref: ≥ 5) 1.3 (0.9-1.8) 1.6** (1.2-2.1) 1.8*** (1.3-2.4) 1.6** (1.2-2.1) 1.4* (1.1-1.9) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 1.6** (1.2-2.2)
Used > 6 services (Ref: ≤ 6) 1.8*** (1.3-2.5) 1.5** (1.1-2.0) 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 1.5** (1.2-2.1) 1.8*** (1.3-2.4) 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 1.2 (0.9-1.7)
  1. All odds ratios are adjusted for all other predictors in the model.
  2. *significant at p ≤ .05; ** significant at p ≤ .01; ***significant at p ≤ .001 >.