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Table 3 Summary of basic needs met by characteristics of respondents (N = 978), Ventura County, California, 2013

From: Social determinants of health in the Mixtec and Zapotec community in Ventura County, California

  Proportions reporting basic need met  
  Employment opportunities Food security Housing situation sufficiency Healthcare access Transportation access Neighborhood safety Education opportunities Employer respect No discrimination against respondent No discrimination against household member/s Mean total number of needs met (± SD)
Male respondent (n = 154) .39*** .49* .53 .58 .55*** .43 .66** .82 .73* .70 5.8 (±2.6)*
Female respondent (n = 834) .24 .40 .51 .51 .38 .50 .53 .83 .64 .67 5.3 (±2.5)
Married/living as (n = 847) .27** .42 .52 .59*** .42* .50 .54* .84* .65 .68 5.4 (±2.5)*
Single (n = 123) .16 .34 .46 .40 .30 .42 .66 .76 .69 .66 4.8 (±2.3)
Spent time in another city (n =144) .29 .43 .55 .67** .47 .50 .52 .83 .72 .67 5.7 (±2.6)
Did not (n = 817) .26 .41 .51 .55 .40 .49 .56 .82 .64 .68 5.3 (±2.5)
Speaks Spanish (n = 745) .27 .40 .47*** .51*** .40 .50 .61*** .84* .66 .68 5.4 (±2.5)
Does not speak Spanish (n = 227) .22 .44 .65 .74 .42 .46 .36 .77 .64 .66 5.4 (±2.4)
Age < 30 years (n = 473) .30** .46** .57*** .60* .44* .53* .58 .83 .71** .71 5.7 (±2.4)***
Age ≥ 30 years (n = 505) .22 .37 .45 .52 .37 .46 .53 .83 .61 .65 5.0 (±2.5)
Household members < 5 (n = 436) .28 .47** .59*** .62** .44 .51 .56 .82 .71** .73** 5.7 (±2.5)***
Household members ≥ 5 (n = 492) .24 .37 .44 .53 .38 .47 .55 .83 .62 .64 5.1 (±2.4)
Used > 6 services (n = 490) .31** .45* .51 .61** .46** .48 .53 .83 .65 .69 5.5 (±2.6)*
Used ≤ 6 services (n = 499) .22 .37 .51 .52 .35 .50 .57 .82 .66 .66 5.2 (±2.4)
  1. *significant at p ≤ .05; **significant at p ≤ .01; ***significant at p ≤ .001 (chi-square tests for proportions and t tests comparing mean total number of needs met).