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Table 2 Sample characteristics

From: Unexplained health inequality – is it unfair?

  N (%) HUI
Total sample 4, 328(100) 0.869
Demographics status   
Age (year)   
 18-44 1,962(45.33) 0.910
 45-64 1,470(33.96) 0.856
 65+ 896(20.70) 0.800
Sex   
 Men 1,899(43.88) 0.881
 Women 2,429(56.12) 0.860
Marital status   
 Married or common law partner 2,443(56.45) 0.888
 Separated, divorced, or widowed 1,094(25.28) 0.812
 Single 791(18.28) 0.889
Race   
 White 3,384(78.19) 0.874
 Other 500(11.55) 0.842
 Black 332(7.67) 0.843
 Asian 112(2.59) 0.918
Country of birth   
 Foreign born 614(14.19) 0.867
 Native born 3,714(85.81) 0.869
Health behaviour   
Smoker type and history   
 Never smoked 2,259(52.20) 0.889
 Former smoker and started smoking at or after 18 years 717(16.57) 0.858
 Former smoker and started smoking before 18 years 342(7.90) 0.817
BMI   
 Underweight 96(2.22) 0.820
 Normal weight 1,864(43.07) 0.890
 Overweight 1,455(33.62) 0.880
 Obese 913(21.10) 0.813
Frequency of physical activity   
 Regular 2,518(58.18) 0.907
 Occasional 736(17.01) 0.885
 Infrequent 1,074(24.82) 0.768
Socioeconomic status   
Household income   
  Lowest income quintile 665(15.37) 0.769
  Lower middle income quintile 696(16.08) 0.855
  Middle income quintile 620(14.33) 0.894
  Higher middle income quintile 726(16.77) 0.909
  Highest middle income quintile 763(17.63) 0.930
  Income missing 858(19.82) 0.852
Education   
  Less than high school 431(9.96) 0.756
  High school graduate 1,569(36.25) 0.856
  Non-university/college certificate 635(14.67) 0.867
  University/college certificate 1,693(39.12) 0.911
Health care factors   
Has regular medical doctor   
  No 786(18.16) 0.890
  Yes 3,542(81.84) 0.864
Unmet need   
  No 3,816(88.84) 0.885
  Yes 512(11.83) 0.753
With high blood pressure and received treatment in the last 12 months   
  No 54(1.25) 0.820
  Yes 832(19.22) 0.788
  No high blood pressure 3,442(79.53) 0.889
With asthma and received medication in the last 12 months   
  No 190(4.39) 0.882
  Yes 280(6.47) 0.784
  No asthma 3,858(89.14) 0.875
Has pharmaceutical insurance   
  No 881(20.36) 0.846
  Yes 3,447(79.64) 0.875
Health insurance type (US only)   
  No insurance 443(10.24) 0.851
  Medicaid only 160(3.70) 0.677
  Non-Medecaid public only including Medicare 254(5.87) 0.758
  Private plus public including Medicare 818(18.90) 0.811
  Private only 2,653(61.30) 0.912
  1. Data source: Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health (JCUSH).
  2. BMI: body mass index; HUI: Health Utilities Index.
  3. BMI is based on the World Health Organization. Underweight: <18.5 kg/m2; normal weight: 18.5-24.9 kg/m2; overweight: 25-30 kg/m2; obese >30 kg/m2.
  4. HUI estimates are weighted and unadjusted.