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Table 4 The estimated associations between multidimensional poverty and health

From: Multidimensional poverty and health: evidence from a nationwide survey in Japan

Type of poverty Proportion (%) of poverty OR 95% CI Log likelihood [Rank]
Health variable = psychological distress (K6 ≥ 5)
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 1 22.5 1.20 (1.12, 1.28) −15495.46 [3]
D (1, 2, 4) ≥ 1 19.9 1.21 (1.13, 1.29) −15495.03 [2]
D (1, 2, 3) ≥ 1 17.3 1.23 (1.14, 1.31) −15494.82 [1]
D (1, 2) ≥ 1 14.4 1.23 (1.15, 1.63) −15495.78 [4]
D (1, 3) ≥ 1 13.7 1.24 (1.15, 1.33) −15495.87 [5]
D (1) = 1 10.4 1.26 (1.15, 1.34) −15497.32 [6]
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 2 4.3 1.26 (1.11, 1.43) −15504.55 [7]
D (2, 3, 4) ≥ 2 1.6 1.31 (1.11, 1.53) −15504.54 [8]
D (1, 3) = 2 1.1 1.32 (1.04, 1.69) −15508.37 [10]
D (3, 4) = 2 0.6 1.48 (1.06, 2.07) −15508.20 [9]
Health variable = current smoking
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 1 22.5 1.37 (1.28, 1.47) −13021.19 [5]
D (1, 2, 4) ≥ 1 19.9 1.47 (1.37, 1.58) −13005.39 [3]
D (1, 2) ≥ 1 14.4 1.55 (1.43, 1.69) −13004.37 [2]
D (2, 4) ≥ 1 12.0 1.59 (1.45, 1.73) −13006.00 [4]
D (2) = 1 5.2 2.15 (1.90, 2.44) −12986.05 [1]
D (2, 4) = 2 0.7 3.10 (2.20, 4.36) −13035.14 [6]
cf. D (1) = 1 10.4 1.24 (1.15, 1.39) −13048.23
  1. The OR indicates the estimated odds ratio of poor SRH, obtained from the logistic regression models to predict poor SRH by poverty and covariates (sex, age, and marital status). D denotes the number of deprivation in the dimensions in the subsequent parenthesis, where 1 = household income, 2 = education, 3 = social protection, and 4 = housing conditions. Rank indicates the ranking order of pseudo log likelihood.