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Table 3 The estimated associations between different types of poverty and poor self-rated health (SRH)

From: Multidimensional poverty and health: evidence from a nationwide survey in Japan

Type of poverty Proportion (%) of poverty OR 95% CI Effective or not Log likelihood [Rank]
D (1) = 1 10.4 1.38 (1.23, 1.56)   −8666.56  
D (2) = 1 5.2 1.49 (1.27, 1.74)   −8668.68  
D (3) = 1 4.3 1.89 (1.59, 2.24) Effective −8656.30 [3]
D (4) = 1 7.5 1.22 (1.06, 1.40)   −8676.76  
D (1, 2) ≥ 1 14.4 1.47 (1.33, 1.63)   −8676.76  
D (1, 3) ≥ 1 13.7 1.51 (1.36, 1.68)   −8653.19  
D (1, 4) ≥ 1 16.4 1.31 (1.18, 1.45)   −8667.23  
D (2, 3) ≥ 1 9.0 1.57 (1.39, 1.78) Effective −8656.70 [4]
D (2, 4) ≥ 1 12.0 1.32 (1.18, 1.48)   −8668.99  
D (3, 4) ≥ 1 11.3 1.43 (1.28, 1.61)   −8663.13  
D (1, 2, 3) ≥ 1 17.3 1.52 (1.38, 1.68) Effective −8646.36 [1]
D (1, 2, 4) ≥ 1 19.9 1.38 (1.26, 1.52)   −8658.13  
D (1, 3, 4) ≥ 1 19.3 1.40 (1.27, 1.53)   −8657.71  
D (2, 3, 4) ≥ 1 15.3 1.41 (1.27, 1.56)   −8660.08  
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 1 22.5 1.42 (1.30, 1.56) Effective −8651.76 [2]
D (1, 2) = 2 1.2 1.31 (0.95, 1.80)   −8678.95  
D (1, 3) = 2 1.1 2.14 (1.58, 2.89)   −8669.81  
D (1, 4) = 2 1.5 1.64 (1.25, 2.16)   −8674.66  
D (2, 3) = 2 0.6 3.42 (2.38, 4.90) Effective −8661.59 [5]
D (2, 4) = 2 0.7 1.75 (1.19, 2.56)   −8676.59  
D (3, 4) = 2 0.6 2.17 (1.43, 3.28)   −8674.50  
D (1, 2, 3) ≥ 2 2.5 1.77 (1.43, 2.19)   −8667.77  
D (1, 2, 4) ≥ 2 3.1 1.49 (1.22, 1.82)   −8673.22  
D (1, 3, 4) ≥ 2 2.7 1.92 (1.57, 2.34) Effective −8662.90 [7]
D (2, 3, 4) ≥ 2 1.6 2.21 (1.73, 2.82) Effective −8662.75 [6]
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 2 4.3 1.73 (1.46, 2.04)   −8661.46  
D (1, 2, 3) = 3 0.2 3.37 (1.86, 6.11)   −8673.24  
D (1, 2, 4) = 3 0.2 1.94 (0.99, 3.82)   −8678.57  
D (1, 3, 4) = 3 0.2 1.97 (1.04, 3.74)   −8678.33  
D (2, 3, 4) = 3 0.1 3.49 (1.61, 7.56) Effective −8675.91 [9]
D (1, 2, 3, 4) ≥ 3 0.6 2.37 (1.62, 3.48) Effective −8671.92 [8]
D (1, 2, 3, 4) = 4 0.1 3.11 (1.01, 9.54)   −8678.40  
  1. The OR indicates the estimated odds ratio of poor SRH, obtained from the logistic regression models to predict poor SRH by poverty and covariates (sex, age, and marital status). D denotes the number of deprivation in the dimensions in the subsequent parenthesis, where 1 = household income, 2 = education, 3 = social protection, and 4 = housing conditions. Rank indicates the ranking order of pseudo log likelihood.