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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of determinants of maternal health-seeking behaviours among women in Upper Egypt households living below the poverty line

From: Socio-economic factors associated with maternal health-seeking behaviours among women from poor households in rural Egypt

Variable Any ANC Regular ANC Facility delivery Private delivery care
Sample size 2,242 1,266 2,240 1,143
  OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Socio-cultural resourcefulness* 1.16 (1.02-1.32) 0.022 1.17 (1.01-1.36) 0.038 1.14 (1.02-1.28) 0.028 1.04 (0.85-1.27) 0.705
Economic resourcefulness* 1.27 (1.08-1.49) 0.004 0.97 (0.78-1.19) 0.747 0.81 (0.69-0.95) 0.009 0.91 (0.66-1.25) 0.538
Dwelling quality* 1.10 (0.96-1.26) 0.159 0.95 (0.80-1.12) 0.512 1.08 (0.93-1.26) 0.291 1.48 (1.07-2.04) 0.019
Woman´s status* 0.92 (0.80-1.06) 0.228 0.97 (0.80-1.16) 0.707 1.07 (0.93-1.23) 0.314 0.98 (0.76-1.26) 0.852
Woman´s age group         
18-24 1.48 (0.87-2.40) 0.147 0.70 (0.31-1.59) 0.387 0.87 (0.46-1.62) 0.649 1.39 (0.49-3.95) 0.526
25-29 0.91 (0.69-1.20) 0.500 0.83 (0.49-1.43) 0.507 1.05 (0.82-1.36) 0.676 0.52 (0.25-1.09) 0.081
30-34 1.10 (0.82-1.48) 0.503 0.90 (0.59-1.37) 0.619 0.90 (0.67-1.22) 0.516 1.23 (0.77-1.94) 0.380
35-39 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
40 and above 0.64 (0.49-0.85) 0.002 0.89 (0.55-1.44) 0.639 1.45 (1.10-1.91) 0.009 0.76 (0.44-1.29) 0.300
Number of children         
1-2 1.62 (0.93-2.84) 0.089 1.10 (0.55-2.22) 0.784 2.07 (1.36-3.14) 0.001 0.80 (0.32-2.02) 0.628
3-4 0.99 (0.79-1.26) 0.953 0.79 (0.57-1.10) 0.156 1.40 (1.12-1.74) 0.003 1.20 (0.73-1.97) 0.456
5-6 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
7 or more 0.79 (0.56-1.11) 0.167 0.87 (0.54-1.40) 0.553 1.06 (0.74-1.51) 0.751 1.06 (0.63-1.78) 0.836
Governorate         
Assiut 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
Sohag 0.78 (0.60-1.01) 0.059 1.08 (0.80-1.46) 0.589 0.78 (0.53-1.15) 0.206 1.91 (0.97-3.74) 0.060
Received any ANC         
No      1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
Yes      1.96 (1.57-2.45) <0.001 1.87 (1.16-3.01) 0.011
  1. *Continuous variables; odds ratio associated with one unit increase in score. p-value of Wald test. OR: Odds ratio. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval.