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Table 4 Descriptive characteristics of component variables in latent variables, among sample of women who gave birth in 5year preceding survey (n = 2,254)

From: Socio-economic factors associated with maternal health-seeking behaviours among women from poor households in rural Egypt

Component variables Distribution Standardised factor loading (SE)
A. Socio-cultural resourcefulness
Woman: years of education   
Mean (95% CI) 2.50 (2.15-2.84) 0.706 (0.035)
Woman: literacy   
Illiterate (column %) 70.7 0.745 (0.034)
Reads/writes with difficulty 8.1
Reads/writes easily 20.9
Missing 0.3
Male head of household: years of education*   
Mean (95% CI) 4.92 (4.55-5.29) 0.670 (0.043)
Male head of household: occupational category*   
Not in employment/no male head of household (column %) 10.9 0.253 (0.032)
Manual or Agricultural worker 73.5
Higher (Sales, Clerical, Professional) 15.6
School enrolment of children 7-18 years old (binary)   
All children enrolled/No children 7-18 (%) 89.5 0.459 (0.054)
Identity documents among members of household (binary)   
All members have identity documents (%) 68.8 0.208 (0.043)
Percentage of adult household members (18years+) that ever attended education   
Mean (95% CI) 49.8 (46.8-52.8) 0.902 (0.037)
B. Economic resourcefulness (rural)   
Household asset ownership (binary)   
Refrigerator (%) 40.2 0.368 (0.046)
Dwelling is a house or apartment (%) 54.6 0.402 (0.036)
Colour TV (%) 42.7 0.223 (0.034)
Washing machine (%) 67.2 0.238 (0.063)
Access to means of agricultural production (binary)   
Own, co-own or rent land (%) 13.1 0.780 (0.036)
Own buffalo (%) 10.2 0.670 (0.046)
Own cows (%) 3.8 0.650 (0.060)
Own horse (%) 13.7 0.735 (0.040)
Own goat or sheep (%) 12.3 0.641 (0.044)
Own poultry (%) 50.2 0.521 (0.030)
Household consumption (binary)   
Have access to ration card (%) 56.5 0.405 (0.049)
Youngest child of school age consumed fruit in last 24hours (%) 15.3 0.236 (0.049)
C. Dwelling quality
Dwelling utilities (binary)   
Piped water connection (%) 74.9 0.422 (0.066)
Landline phone (%) 5.9 0.197 (0.063)
Electricity from public network (%) 89.5 0.690 (0.096)
Construction materials (binary)   
Floor from cement, tile or plastic (%) 36.8 0.651 (0.063)
Ceiling from concrete or tile (%) 41.6 0.711 (0.073)
Walls from red brick (%) 74.3 0.716 (0.084)
D. Mobility and decision-making of female head of household
Mobility: leave the house   
Not allowed (column %) 2.3 0.874 (0.009)
Allowed with permission 70.2
Allowed with notice/without permission 27.5
Missing -
Mobility: go to the market   
Not allowed (column %) 28.6 0.697 (0.021)
Allowed with permission 44.3
Allowed with notice/without permission 27.1
Missing -
Mobility: go to hospital   
Not allowed (column %) 1.4 0.865 (0.011)
Allowed with permission 69.2
Allowed with notice/without permission 29.4
Missing -
Mobility: visit relatives   
Not allowed (column %) 3.5 0.814 (0.013)
Allowed with permission 67.0
Allowed with notice/without permission 29.5
Missing -
Mobility: visit neighbours   
Not allowed (column %) 10.8 0.732 (0.018)
Allowed with permission 46.4
Allowed with notice/without permission 42.8
Missing -
Mobility: run an errand   
Not allowed (column %) 19.6 0.538 (0.028)
Allowed with permission 51.7
Allowed with notice/without permission 28.7
Missing -
Decision-making about household budget   
Someone else (column %) 1.6 0.429 (0.029)
Male head of household solely 51.9
Female head of household or jointly 46.3
Missing 0.2
Decision-making about visiting friends or family   
Someone else (column %) 0.6 0.457 (0.038)
Male head of household solely 61.3
Female head of household or jointly 37.8
Missing 0.3
  1. *87 households have no male head of household - values coded as missing.
  2. No missing data.
  3. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval SE: Standard error svyset applied in calculation of distribution. No missing data.