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Table 3 Odds ratios of depressive symptoms in adolescence, measured as DSM-IV criteria-based, by social factors, n = 1880

From: Social factors in childhood and risk of depressive symptoms among adolescents - a longitudinal study in Stockholm, Sweden

Social factors Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted for gender OR (95%CI) Mutually adjusted* OR (95%CI)
Gender   
Boy 1.0
Girl 3.0 (2.1-4.2)
Parental education    
High 1.0 1.0 1.0
Intermediate 1.1 (0.8-1.7) 1.1 (0.8-1.7) 1.1 (0.8-1.7)
Low 1.2 (0.6-2.5) 1.2 (0.6-2.5) 1.2 (0.6-2.5)
Parental occupation    
Higher non-manual workers 1.0 1.0 1.0
Intermediate non-manual workers 1.6 (0.8-3.0) 1.6 (0.8-3.0) 1.6 (0.8-3.0)
Lower non-manual workers 1.2 (0.6-2.4) 1.2 (0.6-2.4) 1.1 (0.5-2.3)
Skilled workers 1.0 (0.5-2.1) 1.0 (0.5-2.1) 0.9 (0.4-2.1)
Unskilled workers 1.4 (0.7-2.8) 1.4 (0.7-2.8) 1.3 (0.7-2.7)
Self-employed 1.1 (0.5-2.7) 1.1 (0.5-2.7) 1.0 (0.4-2.6)
Others 1.5 (0.5-4.4) 1.5 (0.5-4.4) 1.4 (0.4-4.3)
Parental country of birth    
Sweden 1.0 1.0 1.0
Outside Sweden 1.0 (0.5-1.8) 1.0 (0.5-1.8) 1.0 (0.5-1.8)
Living arrangements    
Lives with two or more adults 1.0 1.0 1.0
Lives exclusively with one adult 2.1 (0.6-7.3) 2.1 (0.6-7.3) 2.1 (0.6-7.2)
Parental employment status    
Employed 1.0 1.0 1.0
Unemployed 1.3 (0.4-4.4) 1.3 (0.4-4.4) 1.3 (0.4-4.4)
  1. *All social factors are adjusted for each other and for gender.