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Table 4 Age and sex-standardised prevalence, and prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of health outcomes, by Aboriginal status

From: Inequalities in the social determinants of health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: a cross-sectional population-based study in the Australian state of Victoria

Health outcome Prevalence (%) Prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Age-adjusted Crude
Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal (95% CI) p value
Fair or poor self-reported health 18.1 28.0 26.5 1.00 1.5 (1.1-2.1) 0.006
Cancera 6.4 11.8 7.3 1.00 1.7 (1.0-2.7) 0.042
Depression or anxietya 19.7 34.8 35.2 1.00 1.7 (1.4-2.2) <0.001
Depression or anxiety - malesa 14.8 34.9 35.7 1.00 2.5 (1.8-3.7) <0.001
Depression or anxiety - femalesa 24.4 35.7 34.7 1.00 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 0.028
Ever had asthmaa 21.2 29.3 31.2 1.00 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 0.018
Currently has asthmab 10.7 16.4 16.7 1.00 1.6 (1.1-2.3) 0.023
Arthritisa 20.1 23.5 17.8 1.00 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 0.342
  1. aEver diagnosed by a doctor.
  2. bDiagnosed by a doctor and experienced symptoms in last 12months.