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Table 1 Age and sex-standardised prevalence, prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of social determinants of health, by Aboriginal status

From: Inequalities in the social determinants of health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: a cross-sectional population-based study in the Australian state of Victoria

Indicator Prevalence (%) Prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Age-adjusted Crude
Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal (95% CI) p value
Socioeconomic determinants       
Income less than $80,000 63.7 81.1 79.6 1.00 1.2 (1.1-1.3) <0.001
Income less than $40,000 32.4 48.4 44.1 1.00 1.4 (1.2-1.7) <0.001
Income less than $20,000 12.4 18.9 17.5 1.00 1.6 (1.1-2.3) 0.014
Unemployed 3.6 8.7 10.2 1.00 2.4 (1.4-4.2) 0.001
Not in labour force 35.5 39.2 33.9 1.00 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.444
Unable to work 2.9 7.3 6.8 1.00 2.5 (1.6-4.0) <0.001
Psychosocial risk factors       
Food insecure 5.4 17.7 20.3 1.00 3.4 (2.3-5.1) <0.001
High/very high psychological distressa 11.6 22.6 25.3 1.00 2.1 (1.5-2.9) <0.001
Very high psychological distressb 3.1 11.3 13.7 1.00 4.4 (2.6-7.4) <0.001
Financial stressc 11.8 19.4 20.7 1.00 1.7 (1.2-2.4) 0.002
Social capital       
Lived in neighbourhood less than 1year 8.3 14.8 19.4 1.00 2.0 (1.3-3.0) 0.001
Unable to get help from family 7.2 15.2 15.0 1.00 2.1 (1.4-3.2) <0.001
Unable to get help from neighbours 25.4 26.8 28.8 1.00 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 0.758
Unable to get help from friends 5.0 3.0 3.1 1.00 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 0.231
Attended support group meeting 10.0 14.5 13.7 1.00 1.4 (1.0-2.1) 0.084
Unable to access community services or resources 13.5 13.7 14.9 1.00 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0.626
Did not believe most people could be trusted (social trust) 20.9 27.3 29.2 1.00 1.4 (1.0-1.8) 0.035
Did not feel valued by society (civic trust) 13.2 18.9 20.1 1.00 1.6 (1.1-2.3) 0.027
NOT a member of a groupd 38.9 47.6 49.1 1.00 1.3 (1.0-1.5) 0.016
  1. aKessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) score ≥22.
  2. bK10 score ≥30.
  3. cUnable to raise $2,000 within two days in an emergency.
  4. dSports, church, school, professional or other community action group.