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Table 2 Summary of unmet need for hospitalization by individual and household characteristics (N = 11252)

From: The influence of the rural health security schemes on health utilization and household impoverishment in rural China: data from a household survey of western and central China

Variables Patients referred for admission n (%) (a, b) Patients with unmet admission n (%) (c, d) Adjusted OR and CI 95% (logistic regression)
    OR 95% CI
Household per capita expenditure (Quintiles)   
Lowest 115 (5.3) (a1, b1) 63 (54.8) (c1, d1) 4.23 (2.55, 6.96)
2nd 126 (5.4) (a2, b2) 42 (33.3) (c2, d2) 1.72 (1.05, 2.81)
3rd 164 (7.4) (a3, b3) 58 (35.4) (c3, d3) 1.79 (1.15, 2.80)
4th 220 (10.3) (a4, b4) 75 (34.1) (c4, d4) 1.57 (1.04, 2.36)
Highest 274 (13.2) (a5, b5) 70 (25.5) (c5, d5) 1.0 Reference
Household chronic disease proportion   
0 141 (2.8) 14 (9.9) 1.0 Reference
≤0.5 448 (10.1) 139 (31.0) 4.56 (2.50, 8.32)
>0.5 310 (21.5) 155 (50.0) 10.27 (5.55, 18.91)
Education level    
None or primary school 645 (10.3) 251 (38.9) 1.0 Reference
Junior high school 194 (5.3) 46 (23.7) 0.62 (0.42, 0.92)
Senior high school or above 60 (6.2) 12 (20.0) 0.49 (0.25, 0.97)
Status of participation in NRCMS    
No 79 (8.5) 23 (29.1) 1.0 Reference
Yes 820 (8.3) 285 (34.8) 1.23 (0.71, 2.12)
Total 899 (8.4) 308 (34.3)   
  1. Note: †: significant at 5%; ‡: significant at 1%
  2. Examples of calculation: d1 = (c1/a1) ×100%; d2 = (c2/a2) ×100%; d3 = (c3/a3) ×100%; d4 = (c4/a4) ×100%; d5 = (c5/a5) ×100%.