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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, psychosocial work characteristics, and work-family conflict, by partner status.

From: Inequalities in the psychological well-being of employed, single and partnered mothers: the role of psychosocial work quality and work-family conflict

  Partnered Mothers
(n = 438)
Single Mothers
(n = 236)
  %
Educational attainment**   
   High school or less 28.8 39.8
   Some postsecondary 29.0 29.2
   College/university 42.2 30.9
Child ≤ 5 years of age living in household   
   No 47.0 50.8
   Yes 53.0 49.2
Psychosocial work quality**   
   Low strain (low job demands/high decision latitude) 27.6 15.4
   Passive (low job demands/low decision latitude) 24.4 22.4
   Active (high job demands/high decision latitude) 29.9 35.5
   High strain (high job demands, low decision latitude) 18.1 26.8
  Mean (SD)
Number of children 2.02 (0.94) 1.88 (0.86)
Age** 36.69 (7.06) 35.15 (7.27)
Weekly work hours* 36.74 (10.68) 38.61 (11.32)
Perceived income adequacy** 3.31 (0.88) 2.88 (1.01)
Psychosocial work quality   
   Decision latitude** 27.07 (4.77) 25.69 (4.82)
   Psychological demands 24.39 (4.19) 25.03 (4.57)
Work-family conflict   
   Time-based work-to-family** 7.00 (3.08) 8.11 (3.67)
   Strain-based work-to-family** 6.84 (2.84) 7.49 (2.88)
   Time-based family-to-work 6.05 (2.62) 6.43 (3.04)
   Strain-based family-to- work* 5.70 (2.51) 6.12 (2.50)
Psychological distress* 3.90 (3.78) 4.50 (3.91)
  1. p ≤ 0.05*
  2. p ≤ 0.01**