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Table 3 Number of men who used prescribed medicine (n), prevalence of prescribed medicine use in % and bivariate and multivariate association between prescribed medicine use during the preceding 15 days and independent variables in men, by perceived health status.

From: Social determinants of prescribed and non-prescribed medicine use

  Good perceived health status Poor perceived health status
Variables n Prev. Bivar OR Mvar OR 95% CI n Prev. Bivar OR Mvar OR 95% CI
Age           
   15-34 60 9.2 1 1   7 19.3 1 1  
   35-54 68 13.0 *1.46 1.25 082-1.89 26 27.5 1.62 2.43 0.77-7.63
   55-64 35 18.7 *2.25 1.88 1.12-3.18 35 37.6 *2.57 3.13 0.96-10.21
   > = 65 61 29.6 *4.12 3.37 1.47-7.69 88 48.5 *4.01 8.63 1.97-37.77
   Total 224 14.4     156 38.4    
Social class           
   I-II 62 15.0 1 1   21 51.5 1 1  
   III 76 16.1 1.09 1.15 0.79-1.69 54 43.6 *0.72 0.82 0.37-1.81
   IV-V 83 13.4 0.87 1.01 0.69-1.49 78 33.3 *0.47 0.42 0.19-0.91
Employment status           
   Salaried employees 126 13.9 1 1   32 39.8 1 1  
   Unemployed men 12 15.0 1.09 1.33 0.69-2.52 10 31.3 *0.68 1.57 0.64-3.85
   Retired men 67 22.1 *1.76 1.08 0.51-2.27 88 34.2 0.78 0.85 0.29-2.46
   Students 17 22.9 *1.84 0.65 0.34-1.23 0 0 0 0 0
Type of PHC           
   PCR 1984-93 25 9.4 1 1   44 43.7 1 1  
   PCR 1994-98 48 15.7 *1.81 1.95 1.14-3.32 32 37.9 *0.78 0.58 0.29-1.16
   No PCR 78 15.8 *1.81 2.02 1.23-3.33 57 38.8 *0.81 0.72 0.40-1.32
   Mutual or private 48 17.9 *2.11 2.26 1.29-3.95 17 45.6 1.08 0.60 0.24-1.47
   No usual PHC 23 12.2 *1.33 1.42 0.75-2.66 6 31.1 *0.58 0.45 0.14-1.42
  1. Barcelona Health Interview Survey, 2000.
  2. PHC indicates primary health care; n, number of cases; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; Bivar OR, bivariate odds ratio; Mvar OR, multivariate odds ratio; PCR, primary care reform.
  3. * p value < 0.05