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Table 1 Number of men who use non-prescribed medicine (n), prevalence of non-prescribed medicine use in % and bivariate and multivariate association between non-prescribed medicine use during the preceding 15 days and independent variables in men, by perceived health status.

From: Social determinants of prescribed and non-prescribed medicine use

  Good perceived health status Poor perceived health status
Variables n Prev. Bivar OR Mvar
OR
95% CI n Prev. Bivar OR Mvar OR 95% CI
Age           
   15-34 239 37.0 1 1   7 19.3 1 1  
   35-54 192 36.9 0.99 0.94 0.72-1.24 16 17.3 0.87 0.85 0.30-2.39
   55-64 51 27.4 *0.64 0.59 0.39-0.89 26 28.3 1.64 1.84 0.65-5.15
   > = 65 47 22.6 *0.49 0.41 0.19-0.87 17 9.2 0.42 0.61 0.14-2.61
   Total 528 33.9     66 16.4    
Social class           
   I-II 190 38.7 1 1   6 9.2 1 1  
   III 139 30.7 *0.71 0.72 0.54-0.95 14 12.4 1.41 0.88 0.29-2.64
   IV-V 195 31.8 *0.73 0.75 0.57-0.98 45 18.6 *2.27 1.36 0.48-3.81
Employment status           
   Salaried employees 365 33.0 1 1   34 21.4 1 1  
   Unemployed men 31 31.0 0.91 1.11 0.69-1.79 7 18.3 0.82 0.62 0.23-1.68
   Retired men 55 34.3 1.05 1.21 0.61-2.39 22 12.1 *0.51 0.52 0.17-1.58
   Students 73 31.2 0.92 0.89 0.62-1.28 0 0 0 0 0
Type of PHC           
   PCR 1984-93 96 34.7 1 1   18 17.0 1 1  
   PCR 1994-98 93 31.3 *0.85 0.86 0.60-1.22 18 17.1 1.01 1.13 0.50-2.51
   No PCR 161 34.7 0.99 1.05 0.76-1.46 22 15.5 0.89 0.77 0.36-1.63
   Mutual or private 90 32.6 0.91 1.06 0.72-1.54 4 18.5 1.11 0.54 0.15-1.94
   No usual PHC 87 37.1 1.11 1.24 0.84-1.82 4 22.3 *1.41 1.40 0.38-5.15
  1. Barcelona Health Interview Survey, 2000.
  2. PHC indicates primary health care; n, number of cases; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; Bivar OR, bivariate odds ratio; Mvar OR, multivariate odds ratio; PCR, primary care reform.
  3. * p value < 0.05