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Table 1 Socio-demographic and socio-economic status, acculturation and self-perceived health by ethnic background in the Netherlands (2003).

From: Ethnic background and differences in health care use: a national cross-sectional study of native Dutch and immigrant elderly in the Netherlands

  NETH
(n = 304)
TURK
(n = 307)
MOROC
(n = 284)
SURI
(n = 308)
ANTIL
(n = 300)
*p-value
Socio-demographics       
   Age: 55-64 y (%)       0.904
Men 47.1 51.3 43.8 45.0 48.6  
Women 47.3 49.3 51.8 50.5 51.9  
Socio-economic status       
   No education (%) 17.3 70.5 94.0 37.2 39.0 <0.001
   Primary education (%) 14.0 12.5 3.2 11.9 9.9  
   Lower secondary education (%) 33.0 14.9 0.7 21.8 19.9  
   Higher secondary education (%) 20.3 1.0 1.8 17.2 17.0  
   Higher vocational college/university (%) 15.3 1.0 0.4 11.9 14.2  
   Standardised income (€/mnth, mean (sd)) 1226 (497) 708 (215) 571 (193) 952 (425) 967 (500) <0.001
Acculturation       
   Mastery of Dutch language (%)       <0.001
Poor 0.0 48.2 44.7 0.0 0.0  
Mediocre 1.3 48.5 49.6 2.4 1.6  
Good 98.7 3.3 5.6 97.6 98.4  
   Religious (%) 47.2 97.7 99.6 90.5 88.3 <0.001
   Attendance religious meetings (%)       <0.001
Every day 0.7 26.5 27.5 2.0 2.7  
At least once a week 14.5 23.8 39.8 29.7 26.3  
At least once a month 6.9 12.9 4.2 16.7 15.7  
Once or several times a year 10.6 15.6 6.3 21.9 22.3  
Almost never 14.5 18.9 21.8 20.3 21.3  
   Attitudes on care for family (%)       <0.001
Traditional 3.6 40.7 55.9 12.1 21.5  
Moderate traditional 36.3 48.3 41.6 57.0 47.0  
Modern 60.1 10.9 2.5 30.9 31.5  
   Attitudes on male-female roles (%)       <0.001
Traditional 13.9 47.4 45.4 13.7 8.1  
Moderate traditional 29.7 35.1 25.7 35.9 36.2  
Modern 56.4 17.5 28.9 50.3 55.7  
   Attitudes on family values (%)       
Traditional 11.3 30.7 36.2 20.9 14.3 <0.001
Moderate traditional 61.6 58.1 63.1 65.9 70.4  
Modern 27.2 11.2 0.7 13.2 15.3  
Health status       
   No. of self-rated chronic conditions (%)       <0.001
0 28.0 6.2 10.9 17.5 24.3  
1-2 42.8 29.6 34.5 41.9 51.7  
≥ 3 29.3 64.2 54.6 40.6 24.0  
   MCS SF-12, mean (sd) 51.7 (11.4) 41.6 (11.6) 42.0 (10.0) 46.2 (12.9) 49.7 (11.1) <0.001
   Self-rated health (%)       <0.001
Excellent 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 6.2  
Very good 4.0 1.2 0.0 0.8 1.0  
Good 38.6 17.9 8.6 21.7 27.8  
Fair 43.6 48.8 60.4 48.8 59.8  
Poor 11.9 32.1 30.9 27.9 5.2  
  1. * χ2 test was performed