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Table 3 Births, stillbirths and neonatal deaths, by cluster socioeconomic quartile group, for women who gave birth in urban slum communities under surveillance, Mumbai 2005–6

From: Inequalities in maternity care and newborn outcomes: one-year surveillance of births in vulnerable slum communities in Mumbai

   Quartile group     
  All 1st 2nd 3rd 4th RR (95% CI) Least poor: poorest (95% CI)
Births 5687 1816 1253 1391 1227     
Stillbirths 86 31 13 28 14     
Livebirths 5601 1785 1240 1363 1213     
Neonatal deaths 117 45 27 25 20     
Stillbirth rate per 1000 births 16.5 18.3 10.1 22.4 15.2 1.02 (0.74–1.40) 0.83 (0.28–2.44)
Neonatal mortality rate per 1000 live births 20.9 25.2 21.8 18.3 16.5 0.88 (0.71–1.08) 0.67 (0.32–1.39)
  1. RR: rate ratio adjusted for clustering with random effects poisson regression, with socioeconomic quartile group as an ordered independent variable.
  2. Least poor:poorest: rate ratio adjusted for clustering with random effects poisson regression, with a binary variable representing the 1st and 4th socioeconomic quartiles as the independent variable.