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Table 7 Logistic models explaining poor SRH by the total sample and the sub-samples of the poor and non-poor (odds ratio, 95%CI)

From: How are individual-level social capital and poverty associated with health equity? A study from two Chinese cities

Dependent variables Poor SRH (total sample) Poor SRH (poor) Poor SRH (non-poor)
  Model 1A Model 1B Model 2A Model 2B Model 3A Model 3B
Independent variables       
Constant 0.08** 0.05** 0.05** 0.48 0.27 3.2
Gender (ref: male) 1.21
(0.92–1.59)
1.25
(0.95–1.66)
1.12
(0.78–1.60)
1.14
(0.79–1.64)
1.71 *
(1.06–2.75)
1.70 *
(1.05–2.75)
Age, years
(ref:15–44)
      
45–64 1.18
(0.85–1.63)
1.39 *
(1.00–1.94)
2.05 **
(1.37–3.07)
2.02 **
(1.34–3.04)
0.52 *
(0.28–0.98)
0.57
(0.30–1.07)
65- 0.90
(0.60–1.35)
1.19
(0.78–1.80)
1.30
(0.74–2.25)
1.34
(0.76–2.34)
0.62
(0.30–1.25)
0.67
(0.33–1.39)
Ethnicity (ref: Han)       
Hui 1.30
(0.92–1.84)
1.22
(0.85–1.73)
1.23
(0.80–1.90)
1.11
(0.71–1.74)
1.02
(0.53–1.98)
0.99
(0.51–1.92)
Others 0.50
(0.17–1.52)
0.51
(0.17–1.56)
0.79
(0.20–3.22)
0.67
(0.16–2.88)
0.11
(0.01–1.17)
0.13
(0.01–1.36)
Education level (ref: illiterate)       
Primary school 0.62 *
(0.42–0.93)
0.67
(0.45–1.01)
0.86
(0.53–1.41)
0.91
(0.55–1.51)
0.31 **
(0.14–0.67)
0.32 **
(0.15–0.70)
Middle school 0.50 **
(0.34–0.75)
0.57 **
(0.38–0.87)
0.69
(0.41–1.15)
0.74
(0.44–1.25)
0.34 **
(0.16–0.72)
0.35 **
(0.17–0.75)
High school 0.46 **
(0.29–0.74)
0.57 *
(0.35–0.92)
0.94
(0.50–1.76)
0.98
(0.51–1.85)
0.21 **
(0.09–0.49)
0.21 **
(0.09–0.50)
Technical secondary school 0.22 **
(0.10–0.49)
0.27 **
(0.12–0.59)
0.36
(0.12–1.07)
0.40
(0.13–1.21)
0.12 **
(0.03–0.42)
0.13 **
(0.04–0.48)
Junior college and above 0.29 **
(0.14–0.61)
0.38 *
(0.18–0.82)
0.59
(0.19–1.90)
0.72
(0.22–2.32)
0.22 **
(0.07–0.69)
0.27 *
(0.09–0.87)
Marriage status (ref: never married)       
First married 1.13
(0.60–2.13)
1.27
(0.68–2.40)
1.77
(0.83–3.80)
2.01
(0.92–4.39)
0.55
(0.16–1.94)
0.54
(0.15–1.93)
Remarried 0.82
(0.28–2.43)
0.90
(0.30–2.67)
2.05
(0.57–7.37)
2.12
(0.58–7.81)
0.07 *
(0.01–0.82)
0.09
(0.01–1.09)
Divorced 1.72
(0.76–3.90)
1.62
(0.72–3.66)
2.23
(0.88–5.69)
2.27
(0.87–5.87)
0.68
(0.09–4.82)
0.55
(0.08–3.94)
Widowed 1.61
(0.79–3.29)
1.45
(0.71–2.96)
2.54 *
(1.07–6.02)
2.38
(0.99–5.71)
0.57
(0.13–2.40)
0.43
(0.10–1.90)
Residence district (ref: Chengxi)       
Chengbei 0.65
(0.40–1.07)
0.63
(0.38–1.05)
0.76
(0.39–1.49)
0.91
(0.46–1.80)
0.43 *
(0.20–0.96)
0.47
(0.21–1.03)
Chengdong 1.22
(0.72–2.05)
1.17
(0.69–1.99)
1.79
(0.92–3.52)
2.01*
(1.01–4.01)
0.53
(0.21–1.35)
0.59
(0.23–1.51)
Chengzhong 0.50**
(0.30–0.84)
0.47 **
(0.28–0.80)
0.71
(0.36–1.41)
0.74
(0.37–1.46)
0.21 **
(0.09–0.52)
0.22 **
(0.09–0.53)
Jinfeng 0.75
(0.46–1.23)
0.65
(0.39–1.08)
1.11
(0.58–2.11)
1.27
(0.65–2.47)
0.25 **
(0.10–0.61)
0.28 **
(0.11–0.69)
Xixia 0.91
(0.55–1.51)
0.80
(0.48–1.34)
1.13
(0.58–2.21)
1.30
(0.65–2.58)
0.40 *
(0.17–0.93)
0.43
(0.18–1.02)
Xingqing 0.85
(0.55–1.31)
0.80
(0.51–1.24)
1.09
(0.61–1.97)
1.16
(0.64–2.10)
0.41 *
(0.20–0.86)
0.45 *
(0.22–0.95)
Economic status (ref: non-poverty) - 2.17 **
(1.64–2.88)
- - - -
Log (family monthly income) - - - 0.39**
(0.20–0.74)
- 0.43
(0.19–1.02)
Chronic illness (ref: no chronic illness) 12.49**
(9.49–16.44)
11.84**
(8.98–15.60)
9.07**
(6.45–12.75)
9.35**
(6.61–13.22)
28.57**
(16.36–49.89)
27.80**
(15.90–48.63)
Neighbourhood cohesion (ref: high level) 1.45**
(1.12–1.88)
1.40*
(1.08–1.82)
1.42*
(1.01–1.98)
1.40
(1.00–1.98)
1.26
(0.81–1.98)
1.23
(0.78–1.93)
Social participation (ref: high level) 0.85
(0.64–1.15)
0.78
(0.58–1.06)
0.69
(0.46–1.04)
0.69
(0.46–1.05)
0.97
(0.60–1.56)
0.89
(0.55–1.45)
Reciprocity and social support (ref: high level) 1.36*
(1.05–1.76)
1.34*
(1.03–1.74)
1.30
(0.93–1.81)
1.31
(0.94–1.83)
1.35
(0.86–2.12)
1.29
(0.82–2.03)
Interpersonal relationship network (ref: high level) 1.16
(0.88–1.53)
1.04
(0.78–1.39)
1.22
(0.84–1.78)
1.16
(0.79–1.70)
0.67
(0.42–1.09)
0.66
(0.41–1.07)
Perception of trust and safety (ref: high level) 1.00
(0.78–1.30)
0.98
(0.75–1.26)
0.91
(0.65–1.26)
0.90
(0.64–1.26)
1.00
(0.63–1.57)
1.00
(0.63–1.58)
N 1919 1919 976 957 943 939
χ2 (df) 606.24(26) 636.13(27) 308.41(26) 312.23(27) 292.86(26) 293.36(27)
-2 log likelihood 1595.37 1565.48 958.35 930.72 553.13 547.95
Percentage correct of predicted values 79.4 80.5 75.7 76.2 86.2 86.4
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01.
  2. Model 1A was based on the total sample. Model 1B introduced economic status (poor or non-poor). Model 2A and 3A were based on two sub-samples: the poor and the non-poor, using the same variables as model 1A. Model 2B and 3B introduced an income variable (log (family monthly income)).