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Table 4 Associations between social status, risk factors and psychological distress (HSCL-10 > 1.85).

From: Social inequalities in mental health in Norway: possible explanatory factors

Social status and risk factors Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Social Status       
I 3.10 (2.38–4.03) 1.33 (0.98–1.80) 2.51 (1.91–3.30) 2.52 (1.92–3.30) 2.08 (1.55–2.80) 0.92 (0.65–1.29)
II 1.84 (1.40–2.43) 1.13 (0.83–1.53) 1.61 (1.21–2.15) 1.57 (1.19–2.08) 1.50 (1.11–2.03) 0.89 (0.63–1.24)
III 1.65 (1.25–2.19) 1.31 (0.97–1.77) 1.59 (1.20–2.12) 1.57 (1.18–2.08) 1.54 (1.14–2.08) 1.23 (0.89–1.71)
IV 1.13 (0.83–1.54) 0.93 (0.67–1.29) 1.06 (0.77–1.46) 1.07 (0.78–1.46) 1.08 (0.77–1.51) 0.83 (0.58–1.19)
V Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref
Control work   0.90 (0.79–1.02)     1.00 (0.87–1.15)
Powerlessness   3.89 (3.13–4.82)     2.76 (2.16–3.52)
Self-efficacy   0.28 (0.23–0.35)     0.28 (0.22–0.37)
Confidants    0.93 (0.92–0.95)    0.94 (0.92–0.96)
Social support    0.74 (0.69–0.80)    0.90 (0.81–0.99)
Economic problems.     4.64 (3.69–5.85)   2.91 (2.12–3.98)
Exercise      0.76 (0.67–0.87) 0.95 (0.82–1.10)
BMI      1.02 (1.00–1.04) 1.00 (0.98–1.03)
Smoking      1.37 (1.23–1.51) 1.43 (1.27–1.61)
Som. disorder      1.95 (1.76–2.16) 1.72 (1.52–1.96)
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age and gender
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for age, gender, control of work, powerlessness and self-efficacy
  3. Model 3: Adjusted for age, gender, confidants and social support
  4. Model 4: Adjusted for age, gender and economic problems
  5. Model 4: Adjusted for age, gender, exercise, BMI, smoking and somatic disorders
  6. Model 5: Adjusted for age, gender and all risk factors
  7. Logistic regression. Adjustment for age, gender and various combinations of risk factors.