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Table 3 Association between socioeconomic and other measures and self-rated health at entry (logistic regression analysis) and mortality (Cox proportional hazards analysis)

From: Determinants of self rated health and mortality in Russia – are they the same?

  Male Female
  Odds ratio for poor or very poor self-rated health at entry Hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for death during study) Odds ratio for poor or very poor self-rated health at entry Hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for death during study)
Education     
Primary/incomplete secondary 1.70 (1.35–2.12) 2.30 (1.85–2.86) 1.32 (1.11–1.58) 3.09 (2.39–4.00)
Complete secondary 1.27 (0.99–1.63) 1.39 (1.09–1.78) 1.03 (0.86–1.24) 2.35 (1.63–3.40)
Higher 1 1 1 1
Continuous (per 1 category) 1.30 (1.16–1.45) 1.52 (1.36–1.70) 1.14 (1.04–1.24) 1.74 (1.54–1.97)
Household income per person     
(household income/square root no. in household)     
1 (lowest quintile) 1.64 (1.21–2.22) 1.41 (1.05–1.88) 1.34 (1.06–1.70) 1.19 (0.86–1.65)
2 1.21 (0.90–1.63) 0.98 (0.73–1.30) 1.20 (0.96–1.51) 0.94 (0.67–1.30)
3 1 1 1 1
4 1.06 (0.79–1.44) 0.89 (0.66–1.21) 0.99 (0.78–1.26) 1.00 (0.72–1.39)
5 (highest quintile) 0.68 (0.49–0.95) 1.12 (0.83–1.52) 0.87 (0.67–1.11) 0.75 (0.50–1.13)
Change per quintile 0.83 (0.77–0.89) 0.94 (0.88–1.02) 0.90 (0.85–0.95) 0.93 (0.85–1.01)
Alcohol frequency     
No alcohol 1.84 (1.38–2.47) 1.42 (1.05–1.93) 1.42 (1.17–1.71) 2.00 (1.34–3.00)
Once in last month 1 1 1 1
2–3 times a month 0.66 (0.47–0.94) 1.02 (0.72–1.46) 0.75 (0.57–0.98) 1.27 (0.71–2.27)
Once a week 0.54 (0.37–0.80) 1.10 (0.77–1.56) 0.63 (0.42–0.94) 1.08 (0.47–2.52)
More than once a week 0.83 (0.58–1.17) 1.93 (1.41–2.65) 0.92 (0.57–1.50) 2.46 (0.97–6.24)
Current smoker     
Yes (vs no) 0.98 (0.81–1.19) 1.92 (1.58–2.34) 1.17 (0.90–1.50) 2.77 (1.68–4.56)
Life satisfaction (5 point ordinal scale, high to low) 1.40 (1.27–1.54) 0.99 (0.91–1.08) 1.46 (1.35–1.58) 1.08 (0.98–1.19)
  1. Income and education Education (3 cats), household income per person (household income/square root no. in household) quintile N.B. All models adjust for age at entry and cluster by household