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Table 4 Determinants of delivery by caesarean section in Bangladesh (1995–2004)

From: A decade of inequality in maternity care: antenatal care, professional attendance at delivery, and caesarean section in Bangladesh (1991–2004)

  Caesarean section
Live births (N = 13,714) % Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis*
   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Year      
1995 – 1996 2.1 1.00    
1997 – 1999 3.2 1.53 (1.10, 2.12) 1.71 (1.18, 2.48)
2000 – 2004 3.8 1.83 (1.32, 2.55) 2.24 (1.55, 3.25)
Annual trend      
1991 – 2004 3.3 1.11 (1.06, 1.16) 1.14 (1.09, 1.19)
Asset quintile      
Lowest 0.3 1.00    
Second 0.4 1.54 (0.52, 4.51) 1.17 (0.39, 3.48)
Middle 0.7 2.73 (1.02, 7.26) 1.56 (0.58, 4.22)
Fourth 2.2 8.48 (3.55, 20.31) 3.24 (1.30, 8.11)
Highest 11.1 46.30 (20.09, 106.72) 6.74 (2.69, 16.84)
Woman's education      
None 0.6 1.00    
Primary 1.5 2.55 (1.57, 4.14) 1.45 (0.85, 2.46)
Secondary 5.9 10.36 (6.95, 15.45) 2.36 (1.37, 4.06)
Higher 26.3 59.16 (39.05, 89.64) 4.00 (2.16, 7.40)
Husband's education      
None 0.8 1.00    
Primary 1.2 1.62 (1.01, 2.59) 0.84 (0.51, 1.40)
Secondary 4.8 6.68 (4.47, 9.98) 1.54 (0.93, 2.57)
Higher 16.4 26.06 (17.74, 38.28) 1.90 (1.08, 3.34)
Area of residence      
Rural 1.6 1.00    
Urban 9.0 6.02 (4.80, 7.57) 2.02 (1.53, 2.67)
  1. *Multivariate model controls for all variables in table plus age, parity, singleton birth, and administrative division.