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Table 3 Coefficients and odds ratios for multilevel models of socioeconomic inequalities in child malnutrition by area of residence in 15 selected countries

From: Child health inequities in developing countries: differences across urban and rural areas

    Within-urban inequities Within-rural inequities
  Inequities at the national level (coefficient)
(1)
Interaction of SES and area of residence (coefficient)
(2)
Coefficient
(3)
Odds ratio
(4)
Coefficient
(5)
Odds ratio
(6)
Central & Western Africa
   1. Burkina Faso -0.346 *** 0.580 * -0.824 *** 2.3 -0.244 * 1.3
   2. Cameroon -0.676 *** 0.458 -0.963 *** 2.6 -0.505 *** 1.7
   3. Chad -0.409 *** -0.026 -0.399 ** 1.5 -0.425 *** 1.5
   4. Côte d'Ivoire -0.754 *** 0.276 -0.884 *** 2.4 -0.608 * 1.8
   5. Ghana -0.454 *** 0.302 -0.655 ** 1.9 -0.353 * 1.4
   6. Nigeria -0.741 *** 0.588 ** -1.117 *** 3.1 -0.529 *** 1.7
   7. Togo -0.675 *** 0.168 -0.809 *** 2.2 -0.641 *** 1.9
Eastern & Southern Africa
   8. Kenya -0.732 *** 0.621 ** -1.219 *** 3.4 -0.598 *** 1.8
   9. Madagascar -0.204 * 0.722 ** -0.767 *** 2.2 -0.045 1.0
   10. Malawi -0.622 *** 0.288 -0.842 *** 2.3 -0.554 *** 1.7
   11. Mozambique -1.079 *** 0.734 ** -1.336 *** 3.8 -0.602 * 1.8
   12. Tanzania -1.066 *** 0.205 -1.248 *** 3.5 -1.043 *** 2.8
   13. Uganda -0.575 *** 0.664 ** -1.099 *** 3.0 -0.435 *** 1.5
   14. Zambia -0.442 *** -0.164 -0.312 1.4 -0.476 *** 1.6
   15. Zimbabwe -0.507 *** 0.263 -0.716 ** 2.0 -0.453 *** 1.6
  1. Note: Coefficients of the uppermost category of household wealth or odds ratios between the uppermost and the lowermost categories of household wealth are used as a measure of socioeconomic inequalities.
  2. *p < 0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01.