Skip to main content

Table 2 Effects of household wealth status and other selected characteristics on stunting among children age 0–59 months, Bangladesh 2004

From: Relationship between household wealth inequality and chronic childhood under-nutrition in Bangladesh

Variable OR (95% CI)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Wealth status     
   5th quintile (richest) -- -- -- --
   4th quintile 2.0 (1.6, 2.4) 1.8 (1.4, 2.2) 1.6 (1.3, 2.0) 1.7 (1.3, 2.2)
   3rd quintile 2.2 (1.8, 2.7) 1.9 (1.5, 2.3) 1.6 (1.3, 2.0) 1.8 (1.3, 2.3)
   2nd quintile 2.6 (2.2, 3.2) 2.1 (1.7, 2.6) 1.7 (1.4, 2.2) 1.9 (1.4, 2.5)
   1st quintile (poorest) 3.6 (3.0, 4.3) 2.7 (2.2, 3.4) 2.1 (1.7, 2.7) 2.4 (1.8, 3.2)
Child of multiple birth     
   Single-born   -- -- --
   Twin or higher order   2.9 (1.6, 5.1) 3.1 (1.8, 5.5) 3.6 (2.1, 6.3)
Child's age (month)     
   0–11   -- -- --
   12–23   4.1 (2.7, 6.1) 4.4 (2.9, 6.5) 5.2 (3.4, 8.1)
   24–35   3.1 (2.1, 4.5) 3.4 (2.3, 4.9) 3.7 (2.5, 5.6)
   36–47   3.5 (2.4, 5.1) 3.9 (2.7, 5.8) 4.5 (3.0, 6.7)
   48–59   3.8 (2.6, 5.5) 4.2 (2.9, 6.1) 4.9 (3.3, 7.3)
Child's sex     
   Boy   -- -- --
   Girl   1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 1.0 (0.9, 1.2)
Antenatal care     
   No   -- -- --
   Yes   0.7 (0.6, 0.8) 0.7 (0.6, 0.9) 0.8 (0.6, 0.9)
Delivery assisted by health professional     
   No   -- -- --
   Yes   0.7 (0.6, 0.9) 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.7 (0.6, 0.9)
Child's birth order     
   1   -- -- --
   2   0.8 (0.7, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1)
   3   0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 1.0 (0.8, 1.2) 1.0 (0.8, 1.2)
   4+   1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 1.4 (1.1, 1.7) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6)
Breastfeeding status (month)     
   Never   -- -- --
   0–11   0.6 (0.2, 2.0) 0.8 (0.3, 2.5) 0.8 (0.2, 2.4)
   12–17   0.7 (0.2, 2.2) 0.8 (0.3, 2.4) 0.7 (0.2, 2.3)
   18–23   1.0 (0.3, 3.1) 1.2 (0.4, 3.5) 1.1 (0.3, 3.3)
   ≥ 24   0.8 (0.3, 2.4) 0.9 (0.3, 2.7) 0.8 (0.3, 2.6)
Mother's age at childbirth (year)     
   15–24    -- --
   25–34    0.7 (0.6, 0.9) 0.8 (0.6, 0.9)
   35–49    0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 0.9 (0.7, 1.3)
Mother's BMI (kg/m 2 )     
   < 18.5    1.4 (1.2, 1.6) 1.3 (1.2, 1.5)
   18.5–24.9    -- --
   ≥ 25.0    0.6 (0.4, 0.8) 0.5 (0.4, 0.8)
Mother's education     
   No education    -- --
   Primary or less    1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 1.0 (0.9, 1.2)
   Secondary or higher    0.8 (0.7, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1)
Safe drinking water*     
   No     --
   Yes     1.2 (0.9, 1.5)
Arsenic in drinking water (parts per billion)     
   ≤ 50     --
   > 50     1.0 (0.8, 1.3)
Hygienic toilet     
   No     --
   Yes     0.9 (0.8, 1.1)
Cooking fuel     
   Not highly polluted     --
   Highly polluted     1.0 (0.8, 1.4)
Urban/rural     
   Urban     --
   Rural     0.8 (0.7, 0.9)
Geographic division     
   Barisal     --
   Chittagong     0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
   Dhaka     0.8 (0.6, 1.0)
   Khulna     0.6 (0.4, 0.7)
   Rajshahi     0.6 (0.5, 0.8)
   Sylhet     0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
Number of children 5,911 5,911 5,884 5,363
  1. Reference group
  2. For variable definitions, see Table 1.