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Table 1 Sample distribution and prevalence of stunting among children age 0–59 months by household wealth status and other selected characteristics, Bangladesh 2004

From: Relationship between household wealth inequality and chronic childhood under-nutrition in Bangladesh

Characteristic

Weighted number of children

Percent distribution of children

Prevalence of stunting

Bangladesh

5,977

--

43.0

Wealth status

  

(p = 0.000)

   5th quintile (richest)

989

16.6

25.1

   4th quintile

1,081

18.1

39.8

   3rd quintile

1,176

19.7

42.5

   2nd quintile

1,229

20.6

47.0

   1st quintile (poorest)

1,502

25.1

54.4

Child of multiple birth

  

(p = 0.000)

   Single-born

5,903

98.8

42.8

   Twin or higher order

74

1.2

62.8

Child's age (month)

  

(p = 0.000)

   0–11

1,145

19.2

17.3

   12–23

1,182

19.8

50.9

   24–35

1,205

20.2

44.7

   36–47

1,239

20.7

49.3

   48–59

1,207

20.2

51.5

Child's sex

  

(p = 0.231)

   Boy

3,036

50.8

42.6

   Girl

2,940

49.2

43.5

Antenatal care

  

(p = 0.000)

   No

3,629

60.7

49.9

   Yes

2,348

39.3

32.4

Delivery assisted by health professional

  

(p = 0.000)

   No

5,183

86.7

45.5

   Yes

793

13.3

26.8

Child's birth order

  

(p = 0.000)

   1

1,709

28.6

40.1

   2

1,538

25.7

38.8

   3

1,114

18.6

42.2

   4+

1,615

27.0

50.7

Breastfeeding status (month)

  

(p = 0.000)

   Never

10

0.2

54.9

   0–11

1,372

23.0

21.0

   12–17

903

15.1

48.3

   18–23

867

14.5

56.0

   ≥ 24

2,824

47.3

48.0

Mother's age at childbirth (year)

  

(p = 0.005)

   15–24

3,735

62.5

42.8

   25–34

1,894

31.7

42.0

   35–49

348

5.8

50.5

Mother's BMI (kg/m 2 )

  

(p = 0.000)

   < 18.5

2,227

37.3

50.4

   18.5–24.9

3,399

56.9

40.2

   ≥ 25.0

325

5.4

21.1

Mother's education

  

(p = 0.000)

   No education

2,236

37.4

50.4

   Primary or less

1,875

31.4

45.6

   Secondary or higher

1,866

31.2

31.6

Safe drinking water*

  

(p = 0.769)

   No

377

6.3

42.3

   Yes

5,595

93.6

43.1

Arsenic in drinking water (parts per billion)

  

(p = 0.874)

   ≤ 50

5,399

90.3

42.8

   > 50

563

9.4

45.1

Hygienic toilet

  

(p = 0.000)

   No

2,579

43.2

50.0

   Yes

3,393

56.8

37.7

Cooking fuel

  

(p = 0.000)

   Not highly polluted

402

6.7

29.2

   Highly polluted

5,047

84.5

44.8

Urban/rural

  

(p = 0.000)

   Urban

1,174

19.6

37.7

   Rural

4,803

80.4

44.3

Geographic division

  

(p = 0.000)

   Barisal

355

5.9

49.0

   Chittagong

1,325

22.2

46.3

   Dhaka

1,834

30.7

44.6

   Khulna

649

10.9

32.0

   Rajshahi

1,323

22.1

40.2

   Sylhet

490

8.2

46.2

  1. * Safe sources of drinking water include piped water and tube well.
  2. Hygienic toilet includes toilet connecting to sewage or having a septic tank and pit latrine.
  3. Highly polluted cooking fuels include straw, wood, and animal dung.