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Table 1 Sample distribution and prevalence of stunting among children age 0–59 months by household wealth status and other selected characteristics, Bangladesh 2004

From: Relationship between household wealth inequality and chronic childhood under-nutrition in Bangladesh

Characteristic Weighted number of children Percent distribution of children Prevalence of stunting
Bangladesh 5,977 -- 43.0
Wealth status    (p = 0.000)
   5th quintile (richest) 989 16.6 25.1
   4th quintile 1,081 18.1 39.8
   3rd quintile 1,176 19.7 42.5
   2nd quintile 1,229 20.6 47.0
   1st quintile (poorest) 1,502 25.1 54.4
Child of multiple birth    (p = 0.000)
   Single-born 5,903 98.8 42.8
   Twin or higher order 74 1.2 62.8
Child's age (month)    (p = 0.000)
   0–11 1,145 19.2 17.3
   12–23 1,182 19.8 50.9
   24–35 1,205 20.2 44.7
   36–47 1,239 20.7 49.3
   48–59 1,207 20.2 51.5
Child's sex    (p = 0.231)
   Boy 3,036 50.8 42.6
   Girl 2,940 49.2 43.5
Antenatal care    (p = 0.000)
   No 3,629 60.7 49.9
   Yes 2,348 39.3 32.4
Delivery assisted by health professional    (p = 0.000)
   No 5,183 86.7 45.5
   Yes 793 13.3 26.8
Child's birth order    (p = 0.000)
   1 1,709 28.6 40.1
   2 1,538 25.7 38.8
   3 1,114 18.6 42.2
   4+ 1,615 27.0 50.7
Breastfeeding status (month)    (p = 0.000)
   Never 10 0.2 54.9
   0–11 1,372 23.0 21.0
   12–17 903 15.1 48.3
   18–23 867 14.5 56.0
   ≥ 24 2,824 47.3 48.0
Mother's age at childbirth (year)    (p = 0.005)
   15–24 3,735 62.5 42.8
   25–34 1,894 31.7 42.0
   35–49 348 5.8 50.5
Mother's BMI (kg/m 2 )    (p = 0.000)
   < 18.5 2,227 37.3 50.4
   18.5–24.9 3,399 56.9 40.2
   ≥ 25.0 325 5.4 21.1
Mother's education    (p = 0.000)
   No education 2,236 37.4 50.4
   Primary or less 1,875 31.4 45.6
   Secondary or higher 1,866 31.2 31.6
Safe drinking water*    (p = 0.769)
   No 377 6.3 42.3
   Yes 5,595 93.6 43.1
Arsenic in drinking water (parts per billion)    (p = 0.874)
   ≤ 50 5,399 90.3 42.8
   > 50 563 9.4 45.1
Hygienic toilet    (p = 0.000)
   No 2,579 43.2 50.0
   Yes 3,393 56.8 37.7
Cooking fuel    (p = 0.000)
   Not highly polluted 402 6.7 29.2
   Highly polluted 5,047 84.5 44.8
Urban/rural    (p = 0.000)
   Urban 1,174 19.6 37.7
   Rural 4,803 80.4 44.3
Geographic division    (p = 0.000)
   Barisal 355 5.9 49.0
   Chittagong 1,325 22.2 46.3
   Dhaka 1,834 30.7 44.6
   Khulna 649 10.9 32.0
   Rajshahi 1,323 22.1 40.2
   Sylhet 490 8.2 46.2
  1. * Safe sources of drinking water include piped water and tube well.
  2. Hygienic toilet includes toilet connecting to sewage or having a septic tank and pit latrine.
  3. Highly polluted cooking fuels include straw, wood, and animal dung.