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Table 1 The estimated percentage decrease (population-attributable risk percent (PAR%)) in 45–74 year old mortality rates during 1996–99 had all current and ex-smokers actually been never smokers

From: What potential has tobacco control for reducing health inequalities? The New Zealand situation

  Men 1996–99 Women 1996–99
Within educational group † PAR% in total population PAR% within educational group PAR% in total population PAR% within educational group
   Nil School Post-school   Nil School Post-school
(ii) All current and ex-smokers become never smokers in each educational group (ie, historically smokefree). 26% 29% 26% 23% 25% 27% 24% 23%
Within ethnic group ‡ PAR% in total population PAR% within ethnic group PAR% in total population PAR% within ethnic group
   Māori nMnP    Māori nMnP  
(ii) All current and ex-smokers become never smokers in each ethnic group (ie, historically smokefree). 33% 21% 36%   28% 25% 28%  
  1. † Source: Table 4 from [75].
  2. ‡ Source: PAR% calculated from data in: [27].
  3. NB: The educational PAR% estimates are calculated using Poisson rate ratios adjusted for age and ethnicity, whereas the ethnic PAR% estimates are based on age-standardised mortality rates.
  4. nMnP – non-Māori non-Pacific (ie, mainly "New Zealand European" ethnicity).
  5. See the footnotes to Figure 1 for ethnicity definitions.