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Table 2 GPs' perceptions of patient and treatment characteristics associated with interventions for substance use (N = 53)

From: Perceptions of substance use, treatment options and training needs among Iranian primary care physicians

Characteristic a % or n
Who is more willing to quit?  
   Males 62%
   Don't know 11%
Target groups for campaigns against abuse?  
   Youth ≤ 25 years 68%
   Urban 5%
   Users and drug and alcohol organisations 8%
   Jails 3%
   Other 16%
What is the most important motive for quitting? b  
   Family or marital pressure 60%
   Economic pressure 44%
   Tired of addiction 42%
   Legal issues 22%
   Employment issues 12%
   Physical illness 4%
   Other 4%
What is a suitable substitute for substance use? c  
   Drug or other treatment 18
   Societal, family or community factors 16
   Recreational/sporting activities 11
   Employment 10
   Restricted access or punitive (eg. jail) 3
   Nothing or don't know 7
Most effective methods for quitting nicotine? c  
   Counselling or psycho-social interventions 22
   Recreational or sporting activities 9
   Pharmacotherapy 7
   Combination of therapies 3
   Alternative therapies 1
   Individual's determination to quit 2
   Don't know 3
Important side-effects of quitting nicotine? c  
   Restlessness/irritability 18
   Physical symptoms/effects 13
   Emotional symptoms/effects 7
   Non-specified withdrawal symptoms 4
   None 7
Effectiveness of complementary medicines for nicotine dependence? c  
   Not effective/minimal 10
   Somewhat effective 12
   Effective 6
   Other 6
   Don't know 12
Suitability of GP to provide drug services  
   Suitable 71%
  1. aData missing: n = 3–12
  2. bDoes not sum to 100%, because these questions asked separately
  3. cDoes not sum to 53, because some GPs gave more than one answer and some gave no answer