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Table 2 Comparison of stunting status by sex and socio-economic position with unadjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) derived from bivariate logistic regression with girls in the comparison group (coefficients are expressed as odds ratios, p-values for test of trend and Pearson chi-square are also indicated)

From: Mothers' education but not fathers' education, household assets or land ownership is the best predictor of child health inequalities in rural Uganda

  Stunted children p-value Unadjusted odds ratio 95%CI
  Males n(%) Females n(%)    
Mother's education
   None 33 (43) 12 (17) 0.01f 3.00 1.05–8.59*
   Stopped in primary 44 (34) 36 (26) 0.18 1.33 0.53–3.38
   Completed primary 15 (23) 7 (12) 0.16 2.34 0.69–7.87
   Above primary 11 (17) 12 (14) 0.65 1.0  
   p-value for test of trend <0.001 0.14   0.11  
Father's education
   None 12 (40) 5 (19) 0.09f 1.65 0.45–6.03
   Stopped in primary 30 (35) 17 (20) 0.04f 1.21 0.46–3.20
   Completed primary 24 (31) 12 (17) 0.05f 1.37 0.49–3.87
   Stopped in secondary 9 (21) 8 (16) 0.59 0.77 0.23–2.63
   Ordinary level or above 16 (25) 11 (15) 0.14 1.0  
   p-value for test of trend 0.06 0.39   0.37  
Index of household wealth
   1st quintile (Poorest) 27 (40) 17 (25) 0.05f 2.17 0.81–5.81
   2nd quintile 25 (34) 14 (21) 0.05f 2.44 0.88–6.73
   3rd quintile 21 (35) 11 (15) 0.01f 2.60 0.90–7.56
   4th quintile 20 (28) 10 (13) 0.02f 2.73 0.92–8.09
   5th quintile (Least poor) 11 (15) 15 (22) 0.34 1.0  
   p-value for test of trend 0.01 0.34   0.28  
Land ownership
   None 9 (27) 7 (18) 0.42 0.77 0.23–2.61
   1 acre 19 (25) 20 (22) 0.59 0.57 0.22–1.48
   2 acres 28 (41) 16 (18) 0.01f 1.05 0.41–2.70
   3 or 4 acres 26 (30) 11 (18) 0.07f 1.42 0.52–3.87
   5 acres or more 20 (30) 12 (18) 0.08f 1.0  
   p-value for trend test 0.64 0.66   0.17  
  1. fFishers exact test; *p < 0.05