Skip to main content

Table 5 Socio-economic differences in malaria incidence, diagnosis and treatment sources and reasons for non use of health centres

From: Socio-economic differences and health seeking behaviour for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria: a case study of four local government areas operating the Bamako initiative programme in south-east Nigeria

Variable N Socio-economic status Quartile
   Poorest N (%) Very poor N (%) Poor N (%) Least Poor N (%) Poor-rich ratio Q1/Q4 P – value
Incidence of malaria 1254 303 (24.1) 300 (24) 325 (25.9) 326 (26) 0.93 0.6799
Sources of diagnosis        
Traditional healer 18 6 (33.3) 3 (16.7) 5 (27.8) 4 (22.2) 1.5 0.2565
Family member 58 33 (56.9) 9 (15.5) 8 (13.8) 8 (13.8) 4.12 0.0000*
Community health worker 73 15 (20.6) 17 (23.3) 22 (30.1) 19 (26) 0.79 0.2565
Laboratory test 112 24 (21.4) 18 (16.1) 33 (29.5) 37 (33) 0.65 0.0099*
Self 993 246 (24.8) 270 (27.2) 242 (24.4) 235 (23.6) 1.1 1.0000
Sources of treatment        
Traditional healer 147 43(29.2) 51(34.7) 32(21.8) 21(14.3) 2.04 0.0027*
Patent medicine dealer 451 132(29.3) 116(25.7) 106(23.5) 97(21.5) 1.36 0.1623
Community health worker 24 12(50) 7(29.2) 3(12.5) 2(8.3) 6.0 0.0000*
BI health centre 221 42(19) 48(21.7) 64(29) 67(30.3) 0.63 0.0391*
General hospital 339 68(20.1) 82(24.2) 94(27.7) 95(28) 0.72 0.1487
Private clinic 29 2(6.9) 6(20.7) 9(31.0) 12(41.4) 0.17 0.0000*
Home 43 12(27.9) 12(27.9) 8(18.6) 11(25.6) 1.09 0.4406
Reasons for not using the BI health centre        
Lack of drugs 337 60 (17.8) 74 (21.9) 102 (30.3) 101 (30) 0.59 0.0232*
Too far 214 53 (24.7) 50 (23.4) 56 (26.2) 55 (25.7) 0.96 0.7971
Poor staff attitude 166 33 (19.9) 39 (23.5) 38 (22.9) 56 (33.7) 0.59 0.0303*
Unaffordable cost 113 33 (29.2) 26 (23) 25 (22.1) 29 (25.7) 1.14 0.6060
Long waiting time 133 25 (18.8) 46 (34.6) 26 (19.5) 36 (27.1) 0.69 0.679
Lack of doctor 470 99 (21.1) 121 (25.7) 124 (26.4) 126 (26.8) 0.78 0.353
  1. Note: * = p < 0.05. = statistically significant
\