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Table 2 Oslo Health Study 2000–2001, 40- and 45- year olds Musculo-skeletal disorders in east, west, and the whole city (percent).

From: Musculo-skeletal pain among 40- and 45-year olds in Oslo: differences between two socioeconomically contrasting areas, and their possible explanations

  East West City
Pain/stiffness in muscles/joints last four weeks 61.4 55.9* 58.4
Very troubled by pain/stiffness in arms/hands 6.7 4.0* 5.3
Very troubled by pain/stiffness in neck/shoulders 13.6 7.5++ 10.5
Very troubled by pain/stiffness in upper back 7.6 3.1 ++ 5.3
Very troubled by pain/stiffness in lower back 11.4 4.8++ 8.0
Very troubled by pain/stiffness in hips/legs/feet 10.6 4.8++ 7.6
Very troubled by pain/stiffness elsewhere 3.8 1.3+ 2.4
Extensive pain/stiffness in muscles and/or joints 30.0 18.9 ++ -
Duration > 3 years 44.2 42.5 43.4
Satisfied with health care (quite satisfied/very satisfied) 28.5 38.9+ 32.2
Confident in coping ability (quite sure/very sure) 74.9 86.2++ 76.7
  1. * significant difference east versus west (chi square test) p < 0.05
  2. + p < 0.01
  3. ++ p < 0.001