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Table 1 Oslo Health Study 2000–2001, 40- and 45- year olds Demographic variables, lifestyle, and self-reported health in east, west, and the whole city (percent).

From: Musculo-skeletal pain among 40- and 45-year olds in Oslo: differences between two socioeconomically contrasting areas, and their possible explanations

  East West City
Education =< 9 years 14.0 2.0 8.3
Education > 12 years 57.3 87.8 65.8
Single status 15.4 8.0 9.5
Employment full time 67.4 71.21 72.8
Disability pension 10.5 2.7 5.6
Social benefit 6.9 0.5 2.6
Own income < 200 000 30.2 19.6 24.6
Own income > 400 000 8.5 30.0 20.0
Household income < 200000 21.0 4.0 12.0
Household income > 500000 22.7 66.9 46.2
Non-western country of origin 24.5 5.4 16.8
No hard exercise 35.1 19.5 28.7
Alcohol at least once a week 49.4 66.9 52.9
Daily smoking 41.4 22.4 32.5
Less than good health 29.3 11.7 21.2
Mental health problems 23.1 9.4 12
  1. 1Not significant difference east versus west All other variables: significant difference, p < 0.001 (chi square test)