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Table 5 Logistic regression of the probability of non-use of dental care in 24 European countries

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in the non-use of dental care in Europe

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
  OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95%
Age 0.995* 0.994-0.997 0.996* 0.994-0.997 0.997* 0.995-0.998 0.995* 0.994-0.997 0.997* 0.995-0.998
Sex           
Men ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.  
Women 0.92* 0.89-0.95 0.92* 0.89-0.95 0.92* 0.89-0.95 0.91* 0.88-0.94 0.92* 0.89-0.95
Education level           
Tertiary ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.  
Primary 1.39* 1.33-1.44 1.37* 1.32-1.43 1.52* 1.45-1.59 1.37* 1.31-1.43 1.51* 1.44-1.58
Secondary 1.23* 1.18-1.28 1.22* 1.18-1.27 1.14* 1.09-1.20 1.21* 1.16-1.26 1.15* 1.10-1.20
Marital status           
Married ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.  
Divorced/Separate 1.64* 1.57-1.72 1.67* 1.59-1.75 1.61* 1.53-1.70 1.63* 1.54-1.72 1.57* 1.49-1.66
Never married 0.94* 0.90-0.98 0.95* 0.91-0.99 1.04 0.998-1.091 1.00 0.96-1.05 1.03 0.99-1.08
Widow 1.24* 1.17-1.31 1.23* 1.17-1.31 1.13* 1.06-1.20 1.23* 1.15-1.31 1.12* 1.05-1.20
Standard of living           
Quartile 4 ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.  
Quartile 1 1.04* 1.001-1.085 1.04 0.998-1.082 1.01 0.96-1.05 1.03 0.98-1.07 1.01 0.97-1.06
Quartile 2 0.99 0.95-1.03 0.99 0.95-1.03 0.96 0.92-1.01 0.98 0.94-1.02 0.96 0.92-1.01
Quartile 3 1.02 0.98-1.06 1.02 0.98-1.06 1.00 0.96-1.05 1.01 0.97-1.06 1.00 0.96-1.05
Professional status           
Employees/Self-employment ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.   ref.  
Student 0.55* 0.51-0.59 0.55* 0.51-0.59 0.53* 0.49-0.58 0.57* 0.53-0.62 0.54* 0.50-0.58
Retired/pre-retired 0.87* 0.83-0.92 0.87* 0.82-0.91 0.79* 0.74-0.83 0.85* 0.80-0.90 0.79* 0.74-0.84
Other 1.45* 1.39-1.50 1.44* 1.38-1.49 1.45* 1.39-1.51 1.48* 1.42-1.54 1.46* 1.40-1.52
Density of dentists           
>7    ref.       ref.  
<6    1.14* 1.10-1.18      0.93* 0.89-0.98
6-7    1.13* 1.09-1.17      0.92* 0.88-0.96
Human development Index           
HDI group 3 (HDI > = 0.952)      ref.     ref.  
HDI group 1 (HDI < = 0.874)      1.51* 1.44-1.58    1.74* 1.65-1.83
HDI group 2 (HDI : 0.874 - 0.952)      0.79* 0.75-0.82    0.86* 0.82-0.90
codcare           
1        ref.   ref.  
0        1.15* 1.12-1.19 1.32* 1.26-1.37
R2 0.0161 0.0167 0.0286 0.0165 0.0312
  1. Calculated by the authors.
  2. (*)Significant to the error threshold of 5%;
  3. Abbreviations: EU-SILC European Union Survey Statistic on Income and Living Conditions, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval.
  4. Eurostat, EU-SILC 2007.