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Table 1 Quality of health care for people with type 2 diabetes: process and intermediate outcome indicators a

From: Inequalities in health care among patients with type 2 diabetes by individual socio-economic status (SES) and regional deprivation: a systematic literature review

  Process indicators: delivery of assessment Intermediate outcome indicators: quantitative measurementb
Ref. HbA1c Lipids Retino- pathy BP BMI Smoking Micro-albuminuria HbA1c Lipids BP (mmHg)
[19] X X X
[20] X X X Mean Mean1 Mean
[21] Mean Mean
[22] Mean
[23] Mean > 2 g/L3
[24] ≤ 7.4% ≤ 5 mmol/L1 ≤ 145/85
[25] X X X Mean Mean2 > 140/90
[26] Mean < 100 mg%2
[27] X X X X
[28] X X X X X X X ≤ 7.4%; ≤ 10% ≤ 5 mmol/L1 ≤ 145/85
[29] X X X X ≤ 7.4% ≤ 5 mmol/L1 ≤ 140/80
[30] X X X X < 7.5%; < 10% ≤ 5 mmol/L1 < 145/85
[31] X X
[32] X Mean ≥ 54 ≥ 140/90
[33] X X X X Mean; ≤ 7.5%
[34] X ≥ 6.5% ≥ 2.58 mmol/L2
[35] X X X X X X X ≤ 7.4%; ≤ 10% ≤ 5 mmol/L1 ≤ 145/85
[36] ≤ 6.5% ≤ 5.2 mmol/L1 ≤ 140/90
> 1.1–1.4 mmol/L2
[37] X X X X < 7.0% < 100 mg/dL2 < 130/80
[38] X X X X ≥ 9% < 100 mg/dL2
[39] X X X X X X ≤ 7.0% ≤ 2.6 mmol/L2 ≤ 130/80
  1. 1Total cholesterol; 2LDL; 3TG; 4Total cholesterol/HDL-coefficient.
  2. aother process and outcome indicators are just mentioned in the text (see ‘Results’).
  3. bmean values or cut-off values for ‘good quality health care’.
  4. HbA1c, glycolised haemoglobin; BP, blood pressure; BMI, body mass index.