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Table 4 Inequality measure for per capita real health expenditures and total expenditure in male-headed and female-headed in urban and rural areas; Iran: 1984-2010

From: Health inequalities and development plans in Iran; an analysis of the past three decades (1984–2010)

Location/Inequality Measures Urban Rural
Male-headed Female-headed   Male-headed Female-headed  
Observations 280,570 28,165   303,895 38,636  
90.88% 9.12% 88.72% 11.28%  
Gini coefficient   p-value    p-value
Total health expenditure 0.7631 0.7681 0.3334 0.7352 0.7474 0.9696
Total Expenditure 0.44037 0.4826 0.0160 0.4122 0.4420 0.0573
Kakwani index      
Total health expenditure 0.4687 0.4732 0.7678 0.4346 0.4472 0.0551
Total expenditure 0.1661 0.1965 0.0183 0.1471 0.1678 0.9035
  1. Source: Authorscalculations from Irans Household Expenditure and Income Survey: 19842010.
  2. Notes:
  3. 1. Per Capita Total Health Expenditure and Total Expenditure were adjusted by considering CPI (1997 = 100).
  4. 2. GC and KPI reported inequalities in pool data between 1984–2010.