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Table 3 Inequality measure for Per Capita real health expenditure in Iran by location in different periods in the National Development Plans (NDPs)

From: Health inequalities and development plans in Iran; an analysis of the past three decades (1984–2010)

Gini Coefficient
Total health expenditure     
Years NDPs Urban St. Err Rural St. Err P- Values
1984-1989 Before NDPs 0.7580 (0.017) 0.7218 (0.016) 0.1597
1990-1994 First 0.7545 (0.010) 0.7624 (0.011) 0.6093
1995-1999 Second 0.7413 (0.009) 0.7299 (0.005) 0.2725
2000-2004 Third 0.7160 (0.016) 0.7020 (0.013) 0.5268
2005-2009 Fourth 0.7631 (0.006) 0.7312 (0.004) 0.0021
Total expenditure      
1984-1989 Before NDPs 0.4521 (0.007) 0.3868 (0.007) 0.0001
1990-1994 First 0.4150 (0.006) 0.4130 (0.006) 0.8282
1995-1999 Second 0.4169 (0.002) 0.4029 (0.005) 0.0352
2000-2004 Third 0.4199 (0.002) 0.3941 (0.004) 0.0003
2005-2009 Fourth 0.4168 (0.008) 0.3948 (0.004) 0.0292
Kakwani index
Total health expenditure     
1984-1989 Before NDPs 0.4193 (0.019) 0.4699 (0.023) 0.1164
1990-1994 First 0.4726 (0.014) 0.4632 (0.013) 0.6360
1995-1999 Second 0.4313 (0.006) 0.4451 (0.011) 0.2980
2000-2004 Third 0.3979 (0.015) 0.4140 (0.019) 0.5242
2005-2009 Fourth 0.4293 (0.005) 0.4682 (0.008) 0.0024
Total expenditure      
1984-1989 Before NDPs 0.1835 (0.005) 0.1374 (0.004) 0.0000
1990-1994 First 0.1542 (0.005) 0.1602 (0.005) 0.4031
1995-1999 Second 0.1572 (0.002) 0.1508 (0.003) 0.1058
2000-2004 Third 0.1573 (0.002) 0.1427 (0.003) 0.0021
2005-2009 Fourth 0.1529 (0.005) 0.1415 (0.002) 0.0686
  1. Source: Authorscalculations from Irans Household Expenditure and Income. Survey: 19842010.