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Table 2 Inequality measure for Per Capita real health expenditure by location; Iran: 1984-2010

From: Health inequalities and development plans in Iran; an analysis of the past three decades (1984–2010)

Year Total health expenditure Gini coefficient Total health expenditure Kakwani index Total expenditure Gini coefficient
Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
1984 0.7510 0.7474 0.4553 0.4429 0.4875 0.4100
1985 0.7409 0.7199 0.4438 0.4118 0.4789 0.4008
1986 0.6940 0.6990 0.3904 0.3933 0.4667 0.4150
1987 0.8031 0.6536 0.5314 0.3454 0.4635 0.3844
1988 0.8074 0.7579 0.5380 0.4653 0.4525 0.3827
1989 0.7518 0.7531 0.4602 0.4568 0.4372 0.3826
1990 0.7310 0.7596 0.4355 0.4661 0.4148 0.4340
1991 0.7597 0.7953 0.4703 0.5144 0.4467 0.4537
1992 0.7856 0.7690 0.5039 0.4820 0.4195 0.4359
1993 0.7326 0.7618 0.4348 0.4736 0.4076 0.4190
1994 0.7634 0.7265 0.4717 0.4271 0.4239 0.4147
1995 0.7528 0.7477 0.4589 0.4538 0.4171 0.4221
1996 0.7569 0.7282 0.4659 0.4293 0.4332 0.4060
1997 0.7429 0.7247 0.4465 0.4261 0.4308 0.4107
1998 0.7453 0.7287 0.4497 0.4302 0.4276 0.4321
1999 0.7088 0.7200 0.4043 0.4172 0.4271 0.4185
2000 0.7134 0.6965 0.4107 0.3915 0.4241 0.4156
2001 0.7153 0.6913 0.4120 0.3862 0.4309 0.4080
2002 0.7121 0.6844 0.4084 0.3778 0.4361 0.4013
2003 0.6684 0.6832 0.3606 0.3765 0.4257 0.3928
2004 0.7706 0.7547 0.4784 0.4577 0.4202 0.4096
2005 0.7664 0.7267 0.4712 0.4244 0.4273 0.4070
2006 0.7673 0.7493 0.4735 0.4510 0.4422 0.4173
2007 0.7851 0.7235 0.4969 0.4198 0.4403 0.4099
2008 0.7693 0.7274 0.4759 0.4248 0.4129 0.3977
2009 0.7451 0.7395 0.4457 0.4389 0.4010 0.3970
2010 0.7452 0.7210 0.4458 0.4169 0.4016 0.3931
Total       
  Urban Rural     
Observations 308,735 342,532 P-Value    
Gini Coeff.       
Total health expenditure 0.7643 0.7369 0.0364    
Total expenditure 0.4448 0.4159 0.0001    
Kakwani index       
Total health expenditure 0.4699 0.4363 0.0283    
Total expenditure 0.1692 0.1496 0.0993    
  1. Source: Authorscalculations from Irans Household Expenditure and Income Survey: 19842010.
  2. Notes:
  3. 1. THEXP: Total Health Expenditure; TEXP, Total Household Expenditure.
  4. 2. In the last three lines of this table we presented Gini Coefficient and KPI over the time (1984–2010).