Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Comparing variables in urban and rural households - Iran: 1984-2010

From: Health inequalities and development plans in Iran; an analysis of the past three decades (1984–2010)

  Urban Rural All
Variable No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent
Observation 308,735 47.41% 342,532 52.59% 651,267 100.00%
Gender (Household’ s Head)      
  Male 280,571 90.88% 303,895 88.72% 584,466 89.74%
  Female 28,165 9.12% 38,636 11.28% 66,801 10.26%
Education (Head of Household)      
  No-education 70,684 22.89% 164,149 47.92% 234,833 36.06%
  Basic education 124,121 40.2% 121,522 35.48% 245,643 37.72%
  Diploma 79,409 25.72% 35,005 10.22% 114,414 17.57%
  Some college 34,521 11.18% 21,856 6.38% 56,377 8.66%
Marital status (Household Head)      
  Married 265,565 86.02% 274,409 80.11% 539,974 82.91%
  Widow 23,544 7.63% 40,513 11.83% 64,057 9.84%
  Divorce 2,080 0.67% 2,260 0.66% 4,340 0.67%
  Single 5,367 1.74% 12,217 3.57% 17,584 2.70%
  Other 12,179 3.94% 13,133 3.83% 25,312 3.89%
Other household ’s characteristics      
  No. Mean (Std. Err.) No. Mean (Std. Err.) No. Mean (Std. Err.)
Household size 308,735 4.55 (0.004) 342,532 5.15 (0.004) 651,267 4.86 (0.003)
Age (Head of household) 308,735 46.03 (0.026) 342,532 48.45 (0.027) 651,267 47.03 (0.019)
Real Per-Capita Annual Income (Total Household Exp.; Rials) 308,735 40,384 (84) 342,532 18,823 (36) 651,267 29,044 (46)
Real Per-Capita Annual Total Health Exp. (Rials) 308,735 2,283 (26) 342,532 1,217 (11) 651,267 1,719 (14)
  1. Source: Authorscalculations from Irans Household Expenditure and Income Survey: 19842010.
  2. Notes:
  3. 1. Household per capita annual income (Per capita annual Total Household Exp.) and per capita Total Household Exp. for health was adjusted by Consumer Price Index (CPI) and considering 1997 = 100.
  4. 2. The gender distribution, literacy, marital status and income are significantly different between urban and rural areas. (P-values: 0.001).
  5. 3. Different Obs. for Total Health Exp. related to some missing values.