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Table 1 Age-adjusted means, proportions or distributions of the explanatory variables by country

From: Socioeconomic differences in self-rated health among women: a comparison of St. Petersburg to Estonia and Finland

  p-valuec St. Petersburg Estonia Finland
Number of womena   865 2141 1897
Mean income per month (in euro) p < 0.001 130,1 ± 5,5 243,0 ± 4,3 874,9 ± 14,4
Education, yrs p < 0.001    
< 11 (<10)b   5 6 6
11-13 (10–12)   41 45 27
14-16 (13–15)   42 35 38
17+ (16+)   11 13 30
Family, % p < 0.001    
Partner & child/children   36 45 44
Only partner, no child/children   24 19 24
No partner no child/children   29 22 23
Only child/children, no partner   11 13 9
Employment, % p < 0.001    
Employed   76 56 64
Student   11 24 16
Unemployed   3 4 9
Housewives   10 15 11
BMI, % p < 0.001    
Under 20   26 26 16
20-24.9   49 51 52
25-29.9   16 17 22
30+   9 7 10
Smoking, % p < 0.001    
Never   41 52 58
In past   14 18 14
Occasional   14 8 5
Current   31 22 23
Chronic diseases, %     
Yes vs. no p < 0.001 38 24 29
Mental diseases, % p < 0.01 1 1 2
Trauma and musculoskeletal, % p < 0.001 6 7 9
Cardio-vascular diseases, % p < 0.001 6 4 2
Other diseases, % p < 0.001 25 13 16
  1. apensioners and women with missing values in any of the studied variables were excluded.
  2. byears of education in brackets corresponds to Finnish population.
  3. cWald test for comparing countries.