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Table 1 Details of the 40 identified voucher programs

From: Lessons from sexual and reproductive health voucher program design and function: a comprehensive review

  Country Initiated by Years1 Reason to use vouchers Services Type providers Type VMA Size VP2
1 Armenia 3 Government 2008-ong 4 . Curb informal payments SMH, CD 5 Public (few), private Government Large
2 Bangladesh 1 Government/donor SWAp 2006-ong. Increase use priority services SMH All three, most public Gov./WHO Large
3 Bangladesh 2 Research center - ICDDR,B 2006-2008 Op Research to test vouchers for skilled birth attendance SMH Only private University Small
4 Bangladesh 3 Intern. NGO – Pop Council 2007-2008 Op Research to test vouchers to improve up-take of MNCH services among poor rural women SMH All three sectors NGO Small
5 Bangladesh 4 Social Franchise - MSI 2007-2010 Increase use priority services SMH All three sectors SFO Small
6 Cambodia 1 Donor - BTC 2007-2010 Expand HEF to Health Centers SMH Only public NGO Small
7 Cambodia 2 UN organization - UNFPA 2008-2010 Expand HEF to Health Centers SMH, FP, SA, STI Only public NGO Small
8 Cambodia 3 Donor - USAID 2009-ong. Expand HEF to Health Centers SMH Only public NGO Small
9 Cambodia 4 Donor - KfW 2011-ong. Introduce social health insurance skills SMH, FP, SA All three sectors Private/NGO Large
10 Cambodia 5 Social Franchise - MSI 2010-ong. Increase use at trained facilities FP All three sectors SFO Small
11 China 1 Government/World Bank 1998-2001 Increase use priority services SMH, CD Only public Gov./Project Medium
12 China 2 Government/World Bank 2005-2007 Increase use priority services SMH, RTIs Only public Gov./Project Small
13 India-Agra, UP Donor - USAID/State Gov. 2007-ong. Contract private sector/build PPP SMH, FP, STI/RTI only private Government Small
14 India-Kanpur, UP Donor - USAID/State Gov. 2008-ong. Contract private sector/build PPP SMH, FP, STI/RTI NGO and private NGO Medium
15 India-Jharkhand Donor - USAID 2009-2011 Contract private sector/build PPP FP Only private NGO Small
16 India-Uttarakhand Donor - USAID/State Gov. 2007-ong. Contract private sector/build PPP SMH, FP NGO and private Government Medium
17 India-Gujarat State Government 2005-ong. Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH Only private Government Large
18 India-Rajastan Local NGO 2003-2006 Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH Only private NGO Small
19 India-Kolkata Donor (Gates)/NGO 1999-2003 Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH, FP, STI/RTI, CD Only private NGO Small
20 India-Delhi State Government 2008-ong. Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH Only private Government Medium
21 India-Haryana State Government 2006-2011 Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH Only private NGO Small
22 Indonesia Government/World Bank 1998-2004 Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH, FP Only private Gov./Project Medium
23 Kenya 1 Donor - KfW 2006-ong. Introduce social health insurance skills SMH, FP, GBV All three sectors Private Large
24 Kenya 2 Intern. NGO - Popcouncil 1997-2010 Contract private sector/preference of target population SRH care for youth Public (few), private NGO Small
25 Korea Government 1964- ~1985 Contract private sector/facilitate M&E FP Public (few), private Government Large
26 Madagascar Social Franchise - PSI 2005-ong. Increase use by poor at franchise clinics SRH care for youth Only private (SF) SFO Small
27 Myanmar Social Franchise - PSI 2005-ong. Increase use by poor at franchise clinics FP, STIs Only private (SF) SFO Small
28 Nicaragua-Sex Workers Local NGO 1996-2009 Contract private sector/preference of target population STIs All three sectors NGO Small
29 Nicaragua-adolescents Local NGO 2000-2005 Contract private sector/preference of target population SRH care for youth All three sectors NGO Small
30 Nicaragua-Cervical Cancer Local NGO 1999-2009 Contract private sector/preference of target population Cervical Cancer scr. All three sectors NGO Small
31 Pakistan (MSI) Social Franchise - MSI 2008-ong. Increase use by poor at franchise clinics FP Only private (SF) SFO Small
32 Pakistan-DG Khan Social Franchise - PSI 2008-2009 Increase use by poor at franchise clinics SMH Only private (SF) SFO Small
33 Pakistan-Jhang Social Franchise - PSI 2009-ong. Increase use by poor at franchise clinics SMH Public (few), private SFO Small
34 Pakistan-Charsadda Donor-KfW (PSI implemented) 2010-2011 Introduce social health insurance skills SMH Public (few), private SFO Small
35 Pakistan-Sehat Sahulat Card Local Government 2009-ong. Contract private sector/limited public capacity SMH public (few), private Private Small
36 Sierra Leone Social Franchise - MSI 2009-ong. Increase use by poor at franchise clinics SMH, FP NGO and private SFO Small
37 Taiwan Government 1964- ~1985 Contract private sector/facilitate M&E FP Public (few), private Government Large
38 Uganda (KfW/GPOBA) Donor-KfW and GPOBA (MSI implemented) 2006-ong. Introduce social health insurance skills STIs, SMH, FP NGO and private SFO Large
39 Uganda (University) Makerere University 2009-2011 Research study to assess vouchers for Institutional Delivery & transport SMH All three sectors University Small
40 Vietnam-Sex Workers Int. NGO-Pathfinder 2009-2009 Contract Private Sector/preference of target population STI Only private Government Small
  1. Notes: 1Voucher Programmes that are active up to December 2011; 2Size VP indicates the annual budget in three categories: large (greater than $1 million), medium ($250,000 to $1 million), and small (less than $250,000); 3Rows in bold are active programs; 4Ong (on-going) = continued into 2012; 5CD = Childhood diseases.