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Table 6 Concentration index and generalized concentration index of independent variables (full sample)

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan African countries: evidence from the Demographic Health Surveys

  Age-Gender Marital status Living standard Education Occupation Sexual behaviours Urban residence
Country 15-20 21-29 31-39 Female Never married Separated/ divorced/widowed Wealth Index Primary Secondary and above White collar Blue collar Other Unemployed Number of Sex Partners Never had sex <16 16-17 18-19 Urban
BF RC 0.022 0.058 0.002 0.000 0.148 0.061 0.505 0.225 0.638 0.724 0.242 0.309 0.215 0.350 0.054 -0.123 -0.018 0.046 0.637
  GC 0.004 0.019 0.001 0.000 0.035 0.002 7.269 0.037 0.083 0.027 0.022 0.053 0.030 0.045 0.008 -0.018 -0.004 0.009 0.170
CM RC 0.011 0.053 -0.007 -0.016 0.129 0.021 0.346 -0.195 0.288 0.487 0.159 0.152 0.160 0.350 0.054 -0.123 -0.018 0.046 0.395
  GC 0.003 0.019 -0.001 -0.008 0.047 0.001 11.829 -0.065 0.149 0.032 0.033 0.030 0.037 0.182 0.008 -0.033 -0.004 0.008 0.214
CG RC 0.036 0.052 -0.011 -0.011 0.088 -0.078 0.320 -0.306 0.123 -- -- -- -- 0.021 0.119 -0.092 0.061 0.081 0.330
  GC 0.007 0.019 -0.003 -0.006 0.029 -0.009 12.765 -0.072 0.089 -- -- -- -- 0.021 0.119 -0.092 0.061 0.081 0.208
CD RC 0.085 0.008 -0.009 -0.001 0.161 -0.098 0.465 -0.201 0.244 0.342 0.253 -- 0.178 0.038 0.166 -0.112 0.016 0.028 0.438
  GC 0.017 0.003 -0.002 -0.001 0.050 -0.007 12.477 -0.069 0.125 0.088 0.027 -- 0.053 0.058 0.054 -0.053 0.007 0.011 0.195
CI RC 0.057 0.029 -0.030 0.008 0.140 0.001 0.352 0.002 0.316 0.354 0.280 0.108 0.129 0.109 0.126 -0.078 0.030 0.073 0.361
  GC 0.013 0.012 -0.007 0.004 0.058 0.000 13.897 0.001 0.092 0.053 0.023 0.022 0.036 0.137 0.039 -0.037 0.013 0.027 0.172
ET RC 0.025 0.041 -0.015 0.000 0.132 0.024 0.189 0.045 0.622 0.696 0.354 0.259 0.035 0.375 0.087 -0.099 -0.026 0.009 0.697
  GC 0.006 0.014 -0.004 0.000 0.044 0.002 6.198 0.020 0.083 0.035 0.030 0.035 0.009 0.019 0.025 -0.021 -0.003 0.001 0.160
GH RC 0.028 0.045 -0.029 0.016 0.136 0.011 0.484 -0.161 0.210 0.411 0.194 0.263 0.154 0.146 0.095 -0.129 -0.042 0.031 0.443
  GC 0.006 0.014 -0.007 0.009 0.047 0.001 12.372 -0.029 0.124 0.044 0.031 0.044 0.035 0.031 0.019 -0.021 -0.008 0.006 0.207
GN RC 0.102 0.072 -0.076 -0.035 0.187 0.134 0.540 0.133 0.477 0.502 0.339 0.281 0.326 0.192 0.156 -0.103 0.042 0.074 0.597
  GC 0.021 0.020 -0.019 -0.019 0.047 0.006 12.917 0.019 0.096 0.020 0.038 0.055 0.068 0.059 0.017 -0.037 0.009 0.011 0.205
KE RC -0.129 0.082 0.037 -0.025 0.007 -0.087 0.249 -0.141 0.291 0.327 0.046 0.234 -0.060 0.075 -0.064 -0.129 0.014 0.077 0.668
  GC -0.027 0.029 0.009 -0.013 0.003 -0.007 11.176 -0.077 0.112 0.067 0.006 0.022 -0.017 0.017 -0.010 -0.036 0.003 0.014 0.165
LS RC -0.021 -0.004 0.040 0.026 0.042 -0.065 0.320 -0.217 0.298 0.390 0.177 0.214 -0.022 0.025 0.000 -0.091 0.010 0.025 0.553
  GC -0.005 -0.001 0.009 0.014 0.018 -0.006 11.755 -0.104 0.135 0.044 0.027 0.016 -0.010 0.012 0.000 -0.020 0.002 0.005 0.169
LR RC 0.099 0.002 -0.016 -0.066 0.184 -0.003 0.406 -0.082 0.312 0.448 0.209 0.391 0.356 0.142 0.080 -0.056 0.019 0.035 0.535
  GC 0.015 0.001 -0.005 -0.029 0.050 0.000 11.098 -0.026 0.109 0.044 0.015 0.085 0.043 0.062 0.006 -0.017 0.006 0.007 0.194
MW RC 0.040 -0.016 -0.008 -0.020 0.130 -0.123 0.446 -0.109 0.429 0.523 0.015 0.180 0.110 0.121 0.111 -0.068 0.019 -0.011 0.587
  GC 0.009 -0.006 -0.002 -0.010 0.037 -0.010 8.958 -0.070 0.108 0.032 0.003 0.026 0.022 0.019 0.015 -0.021 0.004 -0.002 0.119
ML RC 0.051 0.046 -0.045 -0.008 0.092 0.203 0.506 0.072 0.528 0.509 0.287 0.226 0.070 0.285 0.043 -0.040 0.031 0.050 0.574
  GC 0.011 0.014 -0.011 -0.004 0.019 0.008 7.337 0.011 0.077 0.013 0.027 0.042 0.024 0.042 0.007 -0.013 0.005 0.006 0.198
MZ RC 0.035 0.029 -0.052 -0.031 0.285 0.046 0.452 -0.043 0.591 0.597 0.386 0.240 -0.178 0.262 -0.015 -0.069 0.057 0.059 0.452
  GC 0.003 0.009 -0.014 -0.017 0.030 0.006 8.010 -0.026 0.077 0.043 0.041 0.029 -0.122 0.061 0.000 -0.024 0.015 0.011 0.126
NE RC 0.086 0.019 -0.050 -0.037 0.265 0.117 0.611 0.223 0.676 0.421 0.046 0.086 0.017 0.463 0.237 -0.108 -0.047 0.029 0.713
  GC 0.016 0.006 -0.013 -0.021 0.051 0.004 7.313 0.030 0.065 0.028 0.005 0.015 0.006 0.018 0.037 -0.037 -0.007 0.003 0.159
RW RC 0.014 0.020 -0.012 -0.035 0.079 -0.205 0.267 -0.058 0.436 0.641 0.172 0.493 0.096 0.172 0.045 -0.005 -0.039 -0.017 0.518
  GC 0.003 0.007 -0.002 -0.018 0.033 -0.014 5.427 -0.040 0.077 0.023 0.027 0.035 0.012 0.015 0.013 0.000 -0.004 -0.003 0.080
ST RC 0.087 -0.029 -0.033 0.018 0.109 -0.282 0.392 -0.179 0.306 0.174 -0.116 -0.096 0.075 0.007 0.103 -0.095 -0.050 0.021 0.152
  GC 0.020 -0.009 -0.008 0.009 0.034 -0.029 9.758 -0.103 0.119 0.051 -0.014 -0.013 0.022 0.002 0.015 -0.020 -0.014 0.005 0.079
SN RC -0.035 0.048 0.006 -0.009 0.127 0.095 0.263 0.119 0.314 0.327 0.161 0.090 0.003 0.141 0.123 -0.227 -0.103 -0.007 0.370
  GC -0.008 0.017 0.001 -0.005 0.053 0.003 13.810 0.029 0.084 0.045 0.024 0.017 0.001 0.018 0.037 -0.040 -0.011 -0.001 0.192
SL RC 0.142 0.045 -0.067 -0.005 0.251 0.014 0.340 0.014 0.470 0.386 0.254 0.277 0.320 0.232 0.158 -0.091 0.066 0.089 0.537
  GC 0.022 0.015 -0.019 -0.002 0.061 0.001 9.636 0.002 0.129 0.039 0.013 0.050 0.061 0.065 0.014 -0.033 0.013 0.015 0.193
SZ RC -0.084 0.028 0.075 -0.010 -0.002 -0.120 0.252 -0.240 0.190 0.191 0.035 0.241 -0.101 0.016 -0.050 -0.117 -0.022 0.024 0.491
  GC -0.025 0.010 0.015 -0.005 -0.001 -0.009 11.529 -0.082 0.109 0.040 0.005 0.018 -0.052 0.006 -0.012 -0.018 -0.005 0.005 0.135
TZ RC 0.025 0.020 -0.019 0.005 0.111 -0.054 0.506 -0.007 0.563 0.616 0.422 0.362 0.176 0.001 0.093 -0.131 -0.028 0.034 0.611
  GC 0.006 0.007 -0.005 0.003 0.036 -0.005 10.678 -0.005 0.066 0.037 0.025 0.040 0.035 0.000 0.016 -0.033 -0.006 0.007 0.144
UG RC 0.039 0.045 -0.022 0.004 0.152 -0.080 0.390 -0.122 0.369 0.252 -0.084 0.280 0.070 0.203 0.087 -0.062 -0.003 -0.002 0.665
  GC 0.008 0.014 -0.005 0.002 0.041 -0.009 12.008 -0.071 0.112 0.037 -0.027 0.028 0.017 0.051 0.012 -0.016 -0.001 0.000 0.132
ZM RC 0.101 0.028 -0.066 0.000 0.190 0.003 0.447 -0.229 0.335 0.525 0.196 0.259 0.132 0.082 0.226 -0.119 -0.047 0.011 0.533
  GC 0.021 0.010 -0.017 0.000 0.060 0.000 17.060 -0.114 0.144 0.044 0.019 0.039 0.044 0.020 0.030 -0.037 -0.010 0.002 0.227
ZW RC 0.000 0.027 -0.033 -0.014 0.112 -0.028 0.349 -0.304 0.128 0.535 0.120 0.204 -0.093 0.098 0.100 -0.196 -0.083 -0.007 0.568
  GC 0.000 0.010 -0.008 -0.007 0.037 -0.003 8.513 -0.083 0.091 0.032 0.022 0.028 -0.043 0.019 0.021 -0.021 -0.016 -0.001 0.171
  1. The generalized concentration index for each independent variable was calculated as: G C k = X k ¯ × R C k .