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Table 3 Relative and generalized concentration indices for HIV/AIDS prevalence in SSA countries

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan African countries: evidence from the Demographic Health Surveys

Country Relative concentration indices
  Total Male Female RCmale-RCfemale SRCmale-SRCfemale Urban Rural RCurban-RCrural SRCurban-SRCrural
  RC SRC RC SRC RC SRC RC SRC RC SRC
BF 0.269 0.298 0.248 0.009 0.284 0.324 -0.036 -0.315 0.047 0.056 0.039 0.055 0.008 0.001
CM 0.12 0.138 0.098 0.015 0.138 0.152 -0.04 -0.137 0.059 0.06 0.212 0.223 -0.153 -0.163
CG 0.03 0.058 -0.097 -0.003 0.09 0.104 -0.187 -0.107 -0.033 -0.022 0.09 0.111 -0.123 -0.133
CD 0.211 0.219 0.374 0.015 0.125 0.153 0.249 -0.138 0.011 0.025 0.177 0.174 -0.166 -0.149
CI 0.117 0.139 -0.008 0.002 0.166 0.193 -0.174 -0.191 0.01 0.035 0.145 0.158 -0.135 -0.123
ET 0.507 0.523 0.507 0.023 0.501 0.518 0.006 -0.495 0.068 0.054 0.266 0.288 -0.198 -0.234
GH 0.038 0.052 0.013 0.002 0.044 0.065 -0.031 -0.063 -0.09 -0.1 0.135 0.145 -0.225 -0.245
GN 0.167 0.209 -0.019 0.001 0.268 0.297 -0.287 -0.296 -0.149 -0.117 -0.105 -0.098 -0.044 -0.019
KE 0.07 0.06 0.073 0.009 0.039 0.052 0.034 -0.043 -0.148 -0.16 0.086 0.083 -0.234 -0.243
LS 0.03 0.019 0.023 0.025 0.026 0.01 -0.003 0.015 -0.083 -0.091 0.031 0.043 -0.114 -0.134
LR 0.244 0.262 0.276 0.014 0.226 0.239 0.05 -0.225 0.032 0.044 0.102 0.116 -0.07 -0.072
MW 0.143 0.154 0.127 0.048 0.155 0.159 -0.028 -0.111 -0.012 -0.002 0.084 0.087 -0.096 -0.089
ML 0.097 0.113 0.185 0.01 0.044 0.063 0.141 -0.053 0.136 0.161 -0.058 -0.062 0.194 0.223
MZ 0.188 0.211 0.188 0.085 0.192 0.203 -0.004 -0.118 0.009 0.023 0.176 0.189 -0.167 -0.166
NE 0.228 0.255 0.217 0.008 0.237 0.257 -0.02 -0.249 -0.029 -0.013 0.028 0.026 -0.057 -0.039
RW 0.128 0.15 0.107 0.016 0.148 0.161 -0.041 -0.145 -0.025 -0.001 -0.019 0 -0.006 -0.001
ST -0.063 -0.047 -0.03 0 -0.105 -0.096 0.075 0.096 -0.062 -0.044 0.025 0.035 -0.087 -0.079
SN -0.177 -0.165 -0.215 -0.005 -0.151 -0.148 -0.064 0.143 -0.122 -0.145 -0.248 -0.236 0.126 0.091
SL 0.255 0.273 0.41 0.019 0.163 0.169 0.247 -0.15 0.078 0.096 0.129 0.133 -0.051 -0.037
SZ -0.005 -0.027 0.011 -0.052 -0.01 -0.021 0.021 -0.031 -0.069 -0.07 -0.033 -0.04 -0.036 -0.03
TZ 0.102 0.108 0.093 0.018 0.104 0.111 -0.011 -0.093 -0.023 -0.015 -0.011 -0.004 -0.012 -0.011
UG 0.051 0.064 0.021 0.011 0.067 0.08 -0.046 -0.069 -0.11 -0.095 0.042 0.05 -0.152 -0.145
ZM 0.15 0.177 0.125 0.076 0.167 0.187 -0.042 -0.111 -0.04 -0.027 0.12 0.133 -0.16 -0.16
ZW -0.017 -0.008 -0.035 -0.015 -0.002 0.006 -0.033 -0.021 -0.072 -0.07 -0.044 -0.031 -0.028 -0.039
Total† 0.213 - 0.206 - 0.322 - -0.116   0.162 - 0.253 - -0.091  
  Generalized concentration indices
  Total Male Female GC male -GC female SGC male -SGC female Urban Rural GC urban -GC rural SGC urban -SGC rural
CG SGC GC SGC GC SGC GC SGC GC SGC
BF 0.274 0.304 0.208 0.008 0.333 0.38 -0.125 -0.372 0.098 0.118 0.024 0.033 0.074 0.085
CM 0.51 0.587 0.283 0.044 0.771 0.846 -0.488 -0.802 0.276 0.28 0.797 0.847 -0.521 -0.567
CG 0.096 0.184 -0.2 -0.007 0.369 0.429 -0.569 -0.436 -0.108 -0.073 0.256 0.31 -0.364 -0.383
CD 0.269 0.279 0.343 0.014 0.202 0.248 0.141 -0.234 0.02 0.048 0.141 0.139 -0.121 -0.091
CI 0.553 0.659 -0.025 0.006 1.029 1.202 -1.054 -1.196 0.056 0.189 0.596 0.648 -0.54 -0.459
ET 0.726 0.749 0.495 0.022 0.932 0.964 -0.437 -0.942 0.285 0.225 0.164 0.173 0.121 0.052
GH 0.085 0.114 0.022 0.004 0.118 0.176 -0.096 -0.172 -0.208 -0.23 0.286 0.305 -0.494 -0.535
GN 0.257 0.322 -0.021 0.001 0.506 0.561 -0.527 -0.56 -0.402 -0.315 -0.1 -0.098 -0.302 -0.217
KE 0.447 0.379 0.334 0.042 1.03 1.375 -0.696 -1.333 -1.08 -1.168 0.519 0.507 -1.599 -1.675
LS 0.685 0.426 0.425 0.463 0.685 0.273 -0.26 0.19 -2.229 -2.445 0.649 0.926 -2.878 -3.371
LR 0.39 0.418 0.34 0.017 0.431 0.456 -0.091 -0.439 0.081 0.11 0.095 0.104 -0.014 0.006
MW 1.524 1.643 1.063 0.4 1.998 2.054 -0.935 -1.654 -0.207 -0.033 0.747 0.774 -0.954 -0.807
ML 0.13 0.151 0.205 0.011 0.067 0.097 0.138 -0.086 0.232 0.274 -0.065 -0.068 0.297 0.342
MZ 2.094 2.342 1.702 0.764 2.428 2.577 -0.726 -1.813 0.143 0.364 1.575 1.684 -1.432 -1.32
NE 0.162 0.181 0.155 0.006 0.168 0.182 -0.013 -0.176 -0.044 -0.019 0.014 0.013 -0.058 -0.032
RW 0.394 0.462 0.257 0.038 0.549 0.598 -0.292 -0.56 -0.173 -0.01 -0.044 0 -0.129 -0.01
ST -0.098 -0.073 -0.055 0.000 -0.136 -0.124 0.081 0.124 -0.056 -0.04 0.056 0.081 -0.112 -0.121
SN -0.121 -0.112 -0.11 -0.003 -0.125 -0.123 0.015 0.12 -0.073 -0.087 -0.183 -0.165 0.11 0.078
SL 0.373 0.4 0.477 0.022 0.282 0.292 0.195 -0.27 0.188 0.23 0.121 0.12 0.067 0.11
SZ -0.141 -0.705 0.219 -1.016 -0.319 -0.648 0.538 -0.368 -2.174 -2.202 -0.79 -0.95 -1.384 -1.252
TZ 0.578 0.615 0.425 0.083 0.69 0.731 -0.265 -0.648 -0.2 -0.127 -0.053 -0.021 -0.147 -0.106
UG 0.37 0.469 0.129 0.065 0.553 0.653 -0.424 -0.588 -0.982 -0.845 0.287 0.343 -1.269 -1.188
ZM 2.13 2.511 1.531 0.935 2.689 3.016 -1.158 -2.081 -0.782 -0.522 1.233 1.37 -2.015 -1.892
ZW -0.256 -0.129 -0.444 -0.188 -0.032 0.105 -0.412 -0.293 -1.212 -1.17 -0.645 -0.455 -0.567 -0.715
Total† 0.96 - 0.725 - 2.241 - -1.516   0.957 - 0.977 - -0.02  
  1. Note: Bold font indicates statistically significantly different from zero at the five per cent level; GC and SGC is multiplied by 100 for ease of interpretation.
  2. †We calculated the overall RC and GC by ranking countries based on their GDP per capita. Also, we applied total number of adults (15-59 years) during the study period for each country as a weight in the calculation.