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Table 6 Prevalence, prevalence difference and prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) of health services utilization in the last three months and of preventive activities in the last year by per capita income according to SGSSS insurance scheme and private health plan, in the study areas of Colombia and Brazil (2011)

From: Inequities in access to health care in different health systems: a study in municipalities of central Colombia and north-eastern Brazil

  Colombia Brazil
  Contributory scheme Subsidized scheme Without private health plan With private health plan
  n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a
Primary care                 
  < 1/2 MW 261 57.9   1 210 51.0   1 506 49.3   1 44 46.8   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 243 58.0 0.1 1.05 (0.94 - 1.17) 70 54.7 3.7 1.08 (0.90 - 1.29) 247 45.2 -4.1 0.91 (0.81 - 1.02) 63 36.4 -10.4 0.75 (0.56 - 1.02)
  > 1 MW 214 58.0 0.1 1.03 (0.92 - 1.16) 18 56.3 5.3 1.07 (0.78 - 1.48) 47 32.0 -17.3 0.69 (0.54 - 0.88) 51 30.5 -16.3 0.66 (0.48 - 0.93)
Outpatient secondary care                 
  < 1/2 MW 105 23.3   1 65 15.8   1 212 20.6   1 16 17.0   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 89 21.2 -2.1 1.02 (0.80 - 1.29) 19 14.8 -1.0 0.87 (0.55 - 1.39) 141 25.8 5.2 1.17 (0.98 - 1.41) 59 34.1 17.1 1.94 (1.22 - 3.10)
  > 1 MW 106 28.7 5.4 1.26 (1.01 - 1.58) 9 28.1 12.3 1.72 (0.98 - 3.02) 38 25.9 5.3 1.34 (1.00 - 1.79) 58 34.7 17.7 1.98 (1.23 - 3.20)
Emergency care                 
  < 1/2 MW 87 19.3   1 91 22.1   1 348 33.9   1 42 44.7   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 84 20.1 0.8 1.11 (0.85 - 1.45) 28 21.9 -0.2 1.19 (0.82 - 1.73) 194 35.5 1.6 1.19 (1.04 - 1.38) 46 26.6 -18.1 0.63 (0.45 - 0.87)
  > 1 MW 59 16.0 -3.3 0.95 (0.70 - 1.29) 4 12.5 -9.6 0.72 (0.29 - 1.75) 37 25.2 -8.7 0.90 (0.67 - 1.22) 37 22.2 -22.5 0.70 (0.48 - 1.01)
Glycemic control (adults)                 
  < 1/2 MW 230 58.4   1 152 46.9   1 391 52.1   1 36 58.1   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 188 50.4 -8.0 0.93 (0.82 - 1.05) 57 50.0 3.1 1.07 (0.87 - 1.31) 268 57.0 4.9 1.11 (1.00 - 1.23) 78 66.1 8.0 1.15 (0.90 - 1.47)
  > 1 MW 208 61.4 3.0 1.11 (0.99 - 1.25) 14 48.3 1.4 1.03 (0.71 - 1.51) 67 50.0 -2.1 1.05 (0.87 - 1.26) 93 67.4 9.3 1.21 (0.95 - 1.53)
Caries prevention (adults)                 
  < 1/2 MW 149 37.8   1 108 33.3   1 107 14.3   1 16 25.8   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 149 40.0 2.2 1.02 (0.85 - 1.22) 51 44.7 11.4 1.45 (1.12 - 1.87) 88 18.7 4.4 1.37 (1.06 - 1.76) 41 34.8 9.0 1.34 (0.83 - 2.17)
  > 1 MW 139 41.0 3.2 1.06 (0.88 - 1.27) 13 44.8 11.5 1.45 (0.97 - 2.16) 23 17.2 2.9 1.11 (0.73 - 1.69) 58 42.0 16.2 1.87 (1.16 - 3.01)
Breast cancer prevention (women)               
  < 1/2 MW 88 31.3   1 32 12.8   1 149 25.3   1 19 38.0   1
  1/2 - 1 MW 86 33.6 2.3 1.13 (0.89 - 1.42) 25 31.3 18.5 2.00 (1.28 - 3.11) 100 27.4 2.1 1.20 (0.97 - 1.47) 28 29.8 -8.2 0.77 (0.48 - 1.23)
  > 1 MW 87 40.5 9.2 1.35 (1.07 - 1.69) 6 26.1 13.3 1.69 (0.82 - 3.45) 27 31.0 5.7 1.50 (1.05 - 2.14) 42 42.9 4.9 1.10 (0.73 - 1.68)
  1. Prev, Prevalence; PD, Prevalence Difference; PR, Prevalence ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; MW, minimum wage.
  2. aPrevalence Ratio and 95% confidence interval adjusted for sex, age, race/color, chronic condition, self-rated health status.
  3. Statistically significant results are shown in bold.