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Table 4 Prevalence, prevalence difference and prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) of health services utilization in the last three months and of preventive activities in the last year by SGSSS insurance scheme, according to per capita income, in the study areas of Colombia (2011)

From: Inequities in access to health care in different health systems: a study in municipalities of central Colombia and north-eastern Brazil

  < ½ MW (per capita) ½ - 1 MW (per capita) > 1 MW (per capita)
  n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a
Primary care             
  Contributory + special 261 57.9   1 243 58.0   1 214 58.0   1
  Subsidized 210 51.0 -6.9 0.88 (0.78 - 1.01) 70 54.7 -3.3 0.92 (0.77 - 1.10) 18 56.3 -1.7 0.91(0.65 - 1.29)
  Uninsured 37 25.3 -32.6 0.48 (0.35 - 0.64) 14 20.9 -37.1 0.41 (0.26 - 0.65) 6 33.3 -24.7 0.59 (0.31 - 1.13)
Outpatient secondary care             
  SGSSS scheme             
  Contributory + special 105 23.3   1 89 21.2   1 106 28.7   1
  Subsidized 65 15.8 -7.5 0.70 (0.53 - 0.94) 19 14.8 -6.4 0.59 (0.38 - 0.91) 9 28.1 -0.6 1.16 (0.66 - 2.05)
  Uninsured 12 8.2 -15.1 0.45 (0.25 - 0.81) 5 7.5 -13.7 0.38 (0.16 - 0.88) 0 0 -- --
Emergency care             
  Contributory + special 87 19.3   1 84 20.1   1 59 16.0   1
  Subsidized 91 22.1 2.8 0.92 (0.70 - 1.21) 28 21.9 1.8 1.04 (0.71 - 1.54) 4 12.5 -3.7 0.60 (0.21 - 1.70)
  Uninsured 23 15.8 -3.5 0.67 (0.44 - 1.01) 7 10.5 -9.6 0.52 (0.26 - 1.05) 3 16.7 0.7 0.97 (0.37 - 2.57)
Glycemic control (adults)             
  Contributory + special 230 58.4   1 188 50.4   1 208 61.4   1
  Subsidized 152 46.9 -11.5 0.80 (0.69 - 0.92) 57 50.0 -0.4 0.90 (0.74 - 1.10) 14 48.3 -13.1 0.83 (0.57 - 1.23)
  Uninsured 33 29.0 -29.4 0.61 (0.45 - 0.82) 19 31.7 -18.7 0.70 (0.48 - 1.04) 2 11.8 -49.6 0.23 (0.06 - 0.82)
Caries prevention (adults)             
  Contributory + special 149 37.8   1 149 40.0   1 139 41.0   1
  Subsidized 108 33.3 -4.5 0.83 (0.67 - 1.03) 51 44.7 4.7 1.13 (0.89 - 1.44) 13 44.8 3.8 1.06 (0.68 - 1.64)
  Uninsured 32 28.1 -9.7 0.70 (0.51 - 0.97) 22 36.7 -3.3 0.84 (0.58 - 1.20) 5 29.4 -11.6 0.64 (0.30 - 1.33)
Breast cancer prevention (women)           
  Contributory + special 88 31.3   1 86 33.6    87 40.5   1
  Subsidized 32 12.8 -18.5 0.46 (0.31 - 0.66) 25 31.3 -2.3 0.82 (0.57 - 1.16) 6 26.1 -14.4 0.68 (0.35 - 1.34)
  Uninsured 9 10.5 -20.8 0.48 (0.26 - 0.88) 5 12.8 -20.8 0.42 (0.18 - 1.00) 1 8.3 -32.2 0.28 (0.04 - 2.03)
  1. Prev, Prevalence; PD, Prevalence Difference; PR, Prevalence ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; MW, minimum wage; SGSSS, General System of Social Security in Health.
  2. aPrevalence Ratio and 95% confidence interval adjusted for sex, age, race/color, chronic condition, self-rated health status.
  3. Statistically significant results are shown in bold.